Solanum cathayanum C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang
Solanum dichotomum Lour.
Solanum dulcamara lyratum (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc.
Solanum kayamae T.Yamaz.
Solanum lyratum is a herbaceous perennial climbing plant producing much-branched, annual stems around 50 - 300cm long from a perennial rootstock[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine
Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most species in this genus also contain toxic alkaloids. Whilst these alkaloids can make the plant useful in treaing a range of medical conditions, they can also cause problems such as nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weakness and respiratory depression[
Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.
Grasslands in valleys, near roads and fields; at elevations from 100 - 2,900 metres[
]. Thickets in hills and low mountains[
Solanum lyratum is native to the temperate regions of China extending into the tropics of southeastern Asia. It grows at elevations up to 2,900 metres.
Species in this genus generally require a sunny position and can succeed in most soils[
Leaves - cooked[
]. Caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
The whole plant is depurative and febrifuge[
]. A decoction is used in the treatment of leucorrhoea, abscesses, cancer of the oesophagus and stomach, enlarged thyroid glands etc[
The leaves are boiled with the mother's milk in order to treat babies nausea[
The stems can be used as a medicine for treating convulsions in infants, whilst the branches and leaves are used for clearing away heat and cooling the blood[
Seed - sow in trays in a nursery. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out when 10cm or more tall.
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