If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Solanum crinitum

Lam.

Solanaceae

+ Synonyms

Solanum cyananthum Dunal

Solanum echinatum Rich. ex Dunal

Solanum echinocaulum Moric. ex Dunal

Solanum formosum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal

Solanum grandiflorum setosum Sendtn.

Solanum jubatum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Solanum macranthum Bert. ex Dunal

Solanum macranthum Dunal

Common Name: Jurubeba

No Image.

General Information

Solanum crinitum is a shrub or a small tree that can grow around 2 - 5 metres tall. The plant is armed with straight, sharp thorns up to 10mm long[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is a natural pioneer species, establishing in open places and providing a suitable habitat for rainforest trees to become established.

Known Hazards

The fruits are considered to be toxic[
1782
Title
Estudo farmacobotânico comparativo de folhas de Solanum crinitum Lam., Solanum gomphodes Dunal e Solanum lycocarpum
Publication
Rev. Bras. Farmacogn. Braz. J. Pharmacogn. 20(5): 666-674; Out./Nov. 2010
Author
Araújo N.D. et al
Website
http://10.1590/S0102-695X2010005000016
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
0102-695X
Description
 
].
Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most species in this genus also contain toxic alkaloids. Whilst these alkaloids can make the plant useful in treaing a range of medical conditions, they can also cause problems such as nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weakness and respiratory depression[
293
Title
Poisonous Plants of North Carolina
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/poison.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent concise but comprehensive guide to toxic plants that grow in N. Carolina. It lists even those plants that are of very low toxicity, including several well-known food plants such as carrots and potatoes.
].
Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Botanical References

435
Title
Solanaceae Source
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://solanaceaesource.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Incredible detail on all the species in Solanum (now also including the Tomatoes which were formerly in Lycopersicon). The site will eventually include all other Genera within the Solanaceae.

Range

Northern S, America - Bolivia, northern Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas

Habitat

Found especially in secondary vegetation where it can be locally very abundant[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
].

Properties

HabitShrub
Height3.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in full sun, preferring a soil of a loamy nature[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
]. Grows well on nutrient-depleted soils[
1908
Title
The role of the shrub Cordia multispicata Cham. as a 'succession facilitator' in an abandoned pasture, Paragominas,
Publication
Plant Ecology 115(2):91-99, 1994
Author
Vieira I.C.G.; Uhl C. & Nepstad D.C.
Website
http://10.1007/BF00044863
Publisher
 
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant responds well to coppicing and can survive forest fires by resprouting from the roots[
1908
Title
The role of the shrub Cordia multispicata Cham. as a 'succession facilitator' in an abandoned pasture, Paragominas,
Publication
Plant Ecology 115(2):91-99, 1994
Author
Vieira I.C.G.; Uhl C. & Nepstad D.C.
Website
http://10.1007/BF00044863
Publisher
 
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Fruit is reportedly edible[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
].

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) is used in Brazil to treat a range of conditions, though it is mainly indicated in the treatment of diabetes[
1782
Title
Estudo farmacobotânico comparativo de folhas de Solanum crinitum Lam., Solanum gomphodes Dunal e Solanum lycocarpum
Publication
Rev. Bras. Farmacogn. Braz. J. Pharmacogn. 20(5): 666-674; Out./Nov. 2010
Author
Araújo N.D. et al
Website
http://10.1590/S0102-695X2010005000016
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
0102-695X
Description
 
].

The grated bark has an emollient and resolvent effect when rubbed locally on swellings or tumors[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]

The fruits and leaves are boiled, and the water used as a medicament for 'bush yaws', or for treating sores[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The pulp of the fruit is used for treating persistent sores[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]

The roots are boiled and the water drunk as an anti-malarial[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The roots are boiled and the water used as an antibacterial and as an antiseptic (mouthwash), and for treating
toothache[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The plant (part not specified) is used for easing toothache[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The fruits contain alkaloids and flavonoids, which showed cytotoxic activity[
1782
Title
Estudo farmacobotânico comparativo de folhas de Solanum crinitum Lam., Solanum gomphodes Dunal e Solanum lycocarpum
Publication
Rev. Bras. Farmacogn. Braz. J. Pharmacogn. 20(5): 666-674; Out./Nov. 2010
Author
Araújo N.D. et al
Website
http://10.1590/S0102-695X2010005000016
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
0102-695X
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is very spiny and is often found in abundance in open and secondary vegetation[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
]. Within its native range, it has potential for use as a pioneer species, its spiny nature helping to keep some of the herbivores away as the trees establish themselves[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in trays in a nursery. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood. Very easy, the cuttings root within a couple of weeks.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Solanum+crinitum>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.