Solanum cyananthum Dunal
Solanum echinatum Rich. ex Dunal
Solanum echinocaulum Moric. ex Dunal
Solanum formosum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal
Solanum grandiflorum setosum Sendtn.
Solanum jubatum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Solanum macranthum Bert. ex Dunal
Solanum macranthum Dunal
Common Name: Jurubeba
Solanum crinitum is a shrub or a small tree that can grow around 2 - 5 metres tall. The plant is armed with straight, sharp thorns up to 10mm long[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is a natural pioneer species, establishing in open places and providing a suitable habitat for rainforest trees to become established.
The fruits are considered to be toxic[
Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most species in this genus also contain toxic alkaloids. Whilst these alkaloids can make the plant useful in treaing a range of medical conditions, they can also cause problems such as nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weakness and respiratory depression[
Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
Northern S, America - Bolivia, northern Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas
Found especially in secondary vegetation where it can be locally very abundant[
Succeeds in full sun, preferring a soil of a loamy nature[
]. Grows well on nutrient-depleted soils[
The plant responds well to coppicing and can survive forest fires by resprouting from the roots[
Fruit is reportedly edible[
The plant (part not specified) is used in Brazil to treat a range of conditions, though it is mainly indicated in the treatment of diabetes[
The grated bark has an emollient and resolvent effect when rubbed locally on swellings or tumors[
The fruits and leaves are boiled, and the water used as a medicament for 'bush yaws', or for treating sores[
The pulp of the fruit is used for treating persistent sores[
The roots are boiled and the water drunk as an anti-malarial[
The roots are boiled and the water used as an antibacterial and as an antiseptic (mouthwash), and for treating
The plant (part not specified) is used for easing toothache[
The fruits contain alkaloids and flavonoids, which showed cytotoxic activity[
The plant is very spiny and is often found in abundance in open and secondary vegetation[
]. Within its native range, it has potential for use as a pioneer species, its spiny nature helping to keep some of the herbivores away as the trees establish themselves[
Seed - sow in trays in a nursery. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood. Very easy, the cuttings root within a couple of weeks.
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.