Balanocarpus longiflorus Brandis
Shorea longiflora ranges from a small, frequently crooked tree to a canopy tree that can be 35 metres tall. The crown is loose and oblong with pendent branches. The bole is frequently mis-shapen, it can be up to 50cm in diameter with low, stout buttresses and occasionally with a few stilt roots[
The tree is a source of the timber 'Yellow Meranti' and is commonly harvested from the wild for commercial use.
The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Southeast Asia - endemic to Borneo, found in Brunei and both the Indonesian and Malaysian regions
An understorey to canopy tree found scattered in mixed dipterocarp forests, growing in shallow peat swamps or sometimes on yellow sandy soils; on low hills and plateaux at elevations up to 1,000 metres[
|Conservation Status||Critically Endangered
|Other Uses Rating||
Found in the wild on shallow peat or yellow sandy soils[
The wood is a source of the timber 'Yellow Meranti'[
]. We do not have a specific description, but the general description of yellow meranti is as follows:-
The heartwood is light yellow to yellow-brown, sometimes with greenish tints and darkening upon exposure to air; it is not clearly demarcated from the 6 - 8cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or interlocked, sometimes wavy. The wood is light in weight, soft, moderately durable, but susceptible to attacks by fungi, dry wood borers and termites. Drying rate is normal to slow with a slight risk of checking or distortion, once dried it is stable in service. The wood works well with ordinary tools, though filling is recommended to obtain a good finish; gluing is correct; it takes screws and nails well. The wood is used for purposes such as interior joinery and panelling, furniture, light carpentry, flooring and veneer[
We have no specific information for this species - the information below is a general guide for the genus.
Seed - best sown as soon as possible. It does not require pre-treatment, but it is recommended to soak the seed for 12 hours prior to sowing[
]. The seeds are sown in seedbeds, where they are covered with a mixture of sand and soil (1:1) or with a thin layer of sawdust[
]. Germination of fresh seeds is usually good and rapid. About two weeks after germination, when the seedlings are 5 - 6cm tall, they are potted up into individual containers about 15 x 23cm with good drainage holes at their base[
]. It is normally recommended to use a mixture of forest soil and sand (at a ratio of 3:1) as the potting medium in order to introduce the appropriate mycorrhiza to the roots. The seedlings are placed in 50 - 60% sunlight and watered twice daily[
Seedlings can be planted out when 30 - 40cm tall - harden the seedlings off in full sunlight for one month prior to planting[
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