Colylelobium hopeifolium Heim
Hopea heimiana Brandis
Shorea ridleyana King
Shorea hopeifolia is a tree with a large, diffuse, cauliflower-shaped crown; it can grow up to 65 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 200cm in diameter withstout, spreading buttresses up to 4 metres high[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood, which is a source of 'yellow meranti' timber and is commonly traded[
The tree is classified as 'Critically endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Scattered on fertile clay rich soil on undulating land and hills below 600 metres, often in moist places[
|Conservation Status||Critically Endangered
|Other Uses Rating||
A plant of lowland areas in the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 600 metres[
The wood is very durable[
]. It is used for making bridges, wharves, beams and for applications where great strength is required[
The wood is a source of 'yellow meranti' wood. We do not have any more specific information on the wood of this species, but a general description of yellow meranti wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is a light brown; it is moderately distinct from the lighter coloured sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse but even; the grain is straight to interlocked. The wood is not very durable, and is susceptible to powder-post beetle attacks in the sapwood. It is easy to saw, cross-cut and plane; planed surfaces are smooth to moderately smooth; nailing property ranges from good to poor according to the species. The wood is suitable for general utilily purposes, planking, light construction, panelling and partitioning, furniture manufacture, flooring and pallets. It is a popular species for making plywood[
We have no specific information for this species - the information below is a general guide for the genus.
Seed - best sown as soon as possible. It does not require pre-treatment, but it is recommended to soak the seed for 12 hours prior to sowing[
]. The seeds are sown in seedbeds, where they are covered with a mixture of sand and soil (1:1) or with a thin layer of sawdust[
]. Germination of fresh seeds is usually good and rapid. About two weeks after germination, when the seedlings are 5 - 6cm tall, they are potted up into individual containers about 15 x 23cm with good drainage holes at their base[
]. It is normally recommended to use a mixture of forest soil and sand (at a ratio of 3:1) as the potting medium in order to introduce the appropriate mycorrhiza to the roots. The seedlings are placed in
50 - 60% sunlight and watered twice daily[
Seedlings can be planted out when 30 - 40cm tall - harden the seedlings off in full sunlight for one month prior to planting[
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