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Useful Tropical Plants

Sesbania pachycarpa

DC.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Sesbania sinuo-carinata Ali

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Sesbania pachycarpa is an erect semi-woody annual or biennal plant that can grow 100 - 250cm tall[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
610
Title
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Publication
 
Author
Beentje H.J.
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=396814
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
Available on-line, a modern flora of East Africa.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of fibre. It is sometimes cultivated as a green manure crop.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

610
Title
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Publication
 
Author
Beentje H.J.
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=396814
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
Available on-line, a modern flora of East Africa.

Range

Tropical Africa - Mauritania to Eritraea, south to Namibia and Zimbabwe

Habitat

Temporary swamps; Sorghum and Arachis fields; river-sides; humid places; sandy-clayey hollows; roadsides; deep soil on plateau; damp sandy thickets; at elevations up to 1,200 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitAnnual/Biennial
Height1.50 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

Seeds - cooked[335,1605].

The seed contains around 16% of an oil[
1605
Title
Fat Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Oils Extracted from Selected Wild-Gathered Tropical Plant Seeds from Niger
Publication
JAOCS, Vol. 75, no. 8 (1998) pp 1031-1036
Author
Ezeagu I.E.; Petzke K.J.' Lange E. & Metges C.C.
Website
http://10.1007/s11746-998-0282-6
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The oil contains high proportions of linoleic and oleic acid as well as palmitic and linolenic acid[
1605
Title
Fat Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Oils Extracted from Selected Wild-Gathered Tropical Plant Seeds from Niger
Publication
JAOCS, Vol. 75, no. 8 (1998) pp 1031-1036
Author
Ezeagu I.E.; Petzke K.J.' Lange E. & Metges C.C.
Website
http://10.1007/s11746-998-0282-6
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The bark is a component of folk medicine[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]

Agroforestry Uses:

Sporadically cultivated in Africa as green manure[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Other Uses

The bark fibres are used[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Propagation

Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing.
Cuttings.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Sesbania+pachycarpa>

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