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Useful Tropical Plants

Senna meridionalis

(R.Vig.) Du Puy

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Cassia meridionalis R.Vig.

Cassia viguierella meridionalis Ghesq.

Common Name:

Senna meridionalis
Close-up of the flower
Photograph by: Fidy Ratovoson
Creative Commons License

General Information

Senna meridionalis is a shrub or small tree; it can grow up to 5 metres tall[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The bole is somewhat swollen near the base[
385
Title
Bihrmann's Caudiciforms
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.bihrmann.com/caudiciforms/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An internet site giving information on caudiciform plants (plants with swollen stem bases such as the Baobab tree, cycads and many succulents). Excellent photos, usually of cultivated plants in pots.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood. It is occasionally grown as an ornamental, valued for its swollen bole[
385
Title
Bihrmann's Caudiciforms
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.bihrmann.com/caudiciforms/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An internet site giving information on caudiciform plants (plants with swollen stem bases such as the Baobab tree, cycads and many succulents). Excellent photos, usually of cultivated plants in pots.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Africa - southwestern Madagascar.

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height3.50 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a sunny position and a moist but well-drained soil[
385
Title
Bihrmann's Caudiciforms
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.bihrmann.com/caudiciforms/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An internet site giving information on caudiciform plants (plants with swollen stem bases such as the Baobab tree, cycads and many succulents). Excellent photos, usually of cultivated plants in pots.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The branches are used as poles in building local houses[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing.
Cuttings[
385
Title
Bihrmann's Caudiciforms
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.bihrmann.com/caudiciforms/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An internet site giving information on caudiciform plants (plants with swollen stem bases such as the Baobab tree, cycads and many succulents). Excellent photos, usually of cultivated plants in pots.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Senna+meridionalis>

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