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Useful Tropical Plants

Senna crassiramea

(Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Cassia crassiramea Benth.

Common Name:

Senna crassiramea

General Information

Senna crassiramea is a shrub.
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use in making brooms.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Bolivia.

Habitat

Clear, xerophytic low forest or shrubland at elevations from 2,300 - 3,150 metres in Bolivia.

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of higher elevations in the drier tropics and subtropics, being found usually at elevations above 2,000 metres. It is found in areas where the mean annual temperature is around 18.5°c and the mean annual rainfall is around 290mm[
536
Title
Novon Vol.4
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine, focussing on publishing new and amended names of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The twigs are used for making brooms[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Senna+crassiramea>

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