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Useful Tropical Plants

Senecio canescens

(Humb. & Bonpl.) Cuatrec.

Asteraceae


This name is not universally accepted, with some treatments preferring to place this species in the genus Culcitium, as Culcitium canescens Humb. & Bonpl.

+ Synonyms

Culcitium boyacense Cuatrec.

Culcitium canescens Humb. & Bonpl.

Senecio boyacensis Cuatrec.

Senecio micropifolius moncephalus DC.

Senecio micropifolius moncephalus Wedd.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Senecio canescens is an erect, perennial plant with stems that are more or less woody at the base and persist; it can grow around 30 - 60cm tall, spreading at the roots by means of rhizomes. The leaves are thick and covered entirely with downy, whitish fluff[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is an important medicinal plant in parts of its range and is sold in many local markets[
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
]
Senecio canescens has a wide range in the Andes. Its habitat is vulnerable to threats such as overgrazing, natural erosion, burning, mining and climate change that is causing more intense dry seasons. In addition, indiscriminate harvesting of the plant for medicinal use in certain areas is threatening local populations[
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
]. The plant is currently classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2020)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Western S. America - Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia.

Habitat

Andean mountains, growing on high, stony, mountain slopes and including steep, dry, rocky slopes; at elevations from 2,200 - 4,700 metres[
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Senecio canescens is a plant of moderate to high elevations in the tropical latitudes of the Andes.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is a popular traditional medicine, especially in Bolivia and Peru where it is sold in local markets. It is taken internally in the form of a decoction, and is also applied topically in poultices etc to relieve pain and inflammation. It is reported to be analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic and pectoral[
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
,
1916
Title
Culcitium canescens Humb. & Bonpl. (Asteraceae): una revisión etnobotánica, etnofarmacológica y fitoquímica
Publication
Ethnobotany Research and Applications 19:20 (2020)
Author
Ramirez J-Kenedy et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.32859/era.19.19.1-14
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
It is used to treat conditions such as asthma, throat problems, coughs, colds, bronchitis, pneumonia and other respiratory diseases, kidney conditions, rheumatism, arthritis; cancer and fevers, and also in the chronic phase of Chagas disease[
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
, ].
Combined with other plants, it is used in the treatment of central nervous system affections[
1916
Title
Culcitium canescens Humb. & Bonpl. (Asteraceae): una revisión etnobotánica, etnofarmacológica y fitoquímica
Publication
Ethnobotany Research and Applications 19:20 (2020)
Author
Ramirez J-Kenedy et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.32859/era.19.19.1-14
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

The leaves and flowers are considered antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory. They are prepared in infusion or decoction and also applied n[
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
]. The leaves are used to treat rheumatism, arthritis, fever, asthma, cough, throat, pneumonia, and cancer[
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
]

Studies have shown that the plant has an analgesic activity and also enhances the effect of pentobarbital in the body[
1916
Title
Culcitium canescens Humb. & Bonpl. (Asteraceae): una revisión etnobotánica, etnofarmacológica y fitoquímica
Publication
Ethnobotany Research and Applications 19:20 (2020)
Author
Ramirez J-Kenedy et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.32859/era.19.19.1-14
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
]
Other studies have shown that the plant has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus; antioxidant activity; and antiinflammatory activity[
1915
Title
Ethnobotany of the Andes
Publication
 
Author
Bussmann R.W. & Paniagua-Zambrana N.Y. (Editors)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28933-1
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2020
ISBN
978-3-030-28932-4
Description
 
,
1916
Title
Culcitium canescens Humb. & Bonpl. (Asteraceae): una revisión etnobotánica, etnofarmacológica y fitoquímica
Publication
Ethnobotany Research and Applications 19:20 (2020)
Author
Ramirez J-Kenedy et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.32859/era.19.19.1-14
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The plant (part not specified) is an ingredient in a cosmetic that contains a mixture of plants and was patented as a skin lightener containing natural tyrosinase inhibitors[
1916
Title
Culcitium canescens Humb. & Bonpl. (Asteraceae): una revisión etnobotánica, etnofarmacológica y fitoquímica
Publication
Ethnobotany Research and Applications 19:20 (2020)
Author
Ramirez J-Kenedy et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.32859/era.19.19.1-14
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The hairs on the plant can be used as a tinder and as a wick.

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Senecio+canescens>

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