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Useful Tropical Plants

Scleropyrum pentandrum

(Dennst.) Mabb.

Santalaceae

+ Synonyms

Antidesma parasiticum Dillwyn

Bridelia horrida Dillwyn

Heydia horrida Dennst.

Myrobalanus indica Buch.-Ham. ex Steud.

Pothos pentandrus Dennst.

Pyrularia ceylanica A.DC.

Pyrularia wallichiana A.DC.

Scleropyrum wallichianum Arn.

Terminalia horrida Steud.

Common Name:

Scleropyrum pentandrum
Immature fruits developing on the trunk. Note the spines on the trunk
Photograph by: Vinayaraj
Creative Commons License
Scleropyrum pentandrum Scleropyrum pentandrum Scleropyrum pentandrum Scleropyrum pentandrum

General Information

Scleropyrum pentandrum is a root hemi-parasitic, evergreen tree that can grow from 4 - 20 metres tall. The straight bole and the branches are armed with sharp spines[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of oil.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia.

Habitat

Generally found in disturbed habitats on sandy soil, as well found in semi and dry evergreen forests, in open forests near streams and in lowland Dipterocarps forest; at elevations from 500 - 1,000 metres[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height10.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Young shoots[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Mature fruits[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. The yellow, pear-shaped or ovoid fruit is 18 - 35mm long and 13 - 26mm wide[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].

Medicinal

The roots are boiled and the decoction is taken as a contraceptive. It is believed that women will become barren after consuming the decoction[
932
Title
A Field Guide to the Medicinal Plants of Tasek Bera.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.rufford.org/files/Field%20Guide_0.pdf
Publisher
Wetlands International.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line PDF, there is no evidence that it has been published and no details of the publisher, though it was funded by The Rufford Foundation, charity no 1117270. Gives brief guides to local uses of over 50 medicinal plants.
].

The leaves and young stems are applied externally to ease skin irritations[
945
Title
Evolutionary Medicine Of Kani Tribal’s Botanical Knowledge In Agasthiayamalai Biosphere Reserve, South India
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 11: pp. 280 - 290.
Author
De Britto A.J.; Mahesh R.
Publisher
Ethnobotanical Leaflets.
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of the traditional medicinal uses of 70 different plants
].

Other Uses

The seeds contain more than 67% oil, which is suitable as raw material for lubricants and soap[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-02-27. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Scleropyrum+pentandrum>

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