If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Schizostachyum zollingeri

Steud.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Melocanna zollingeri (Steud.) Kurz ex Munro

Common Name:

Schizostachyum zollingeri
Plant growing in the Philippines
Photograph by: W. H. Hodge
Creative Commons License
Schizostachyum zollingeri Schizostachyum zollingeri

General Information

Schizostachyum zollingeri is an evergreen bamboo forming a dense clump of culms 10 - 19 metres tall from short, woody rhizomes. The thin-walled, woody culms are erect, with the tip drooping; they can be 2 - 10cm in diameter with internodes 20 - 40cm long[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is commonly harvested from the wild as a source of materials. The production, consumption and local trade of this bamboo are probably considerable, especially in rural areas, but no statistics are available. The only cultivation is small-scale, whilst the plant is also sometimes planted for ornamental purposes[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

Dense primary forest in northern Peninsular Malaysia, but more often in disturbed areas such as forest edges and forest clearings; normally at elevations from 50 - 200 metres, occasionally to 400 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Bamboo
Height12.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in any type of well-drained soil, preferring sandy loams or clay loams. Once established, the plant is resistant to long droughts[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The rhizome of young seedlings is gradually built up by the successive emergence of new culms from the bases of preceding ones. Each culm that emerges becomes progressively larger until culms of full size are produced in mature clumps - a phase that is reached after some years[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Culm cuttings take about 1 year to establish, and produce full size culms after 3 years[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Shoots of natural stands emerge above the ground during the onset of the rainy season and develop to their full height in 5 - 6 months. The lateral branches develop subsequently. A culm becomes mature and suitable for harvest in 3 or more years. A healthy mature clump has 50 - 70 culms[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Culms are usually harvested all year round but mostly in the dry season. Culms should be 3 years old or older. Harvested culms are air-seasoned[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
A well-managed, mature clump can produce 5 - 8 culms per year, or, with 400 clumps, 2,000 - 3,200 culms per hectare, weighing around 17 - 27 tonnes[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying.
Schizostachyum zollingeri flowers sporadically every year in practically all the areas in which it grows. Annual gregarious flowering during the dry season and over a 2 - 3 month period is reported from the northernmost part of Peninsular Malaysia. Fruit formation is rare when a plant flowers sporadically, but after gregarious flowering, fruits are formed abundantly. After flowering and fruiting a culm dies but the rhizome remains alive and regenerates new culms[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

Young shoots are edible but not commonly eaten[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The culms are commonly split and woven into screens which serve as walls, floors, roofs, mats and for handicrafts. The bamboo screens are strong, flexible and versatile, they are very popular in housing and constructional work for parts that are not meant to carry weight[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The culms are also used for weaving baskets and fishing screens and to make rafts, small implements and containers to prepare the traditional rice food ('lemang') in Malaysia[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The culms are reported as promising as a raw material for paper and pulp[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, although a short period of storage is possible, storing the seed at 12 - 14°c, with a moisture content about 15%. Sow the seed in containers, only just covering it, and place in partial shade. A germination rate of more than 80% after 1 month is common[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The young plant can be 10cm tall after 6 weeks[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Culm cuttings taken from the top and middle portions are commonly used and show nearly 100% survival. The propagules are raised in the nursery for about 5 months and transplanted in the field in the rainy season[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Schizostachyum+zollingeri>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.