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Useful Tropical Plants

Schizostachyum lumampao

(Blanco) Merr.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Arundarbor lumampao (Blanco) Kuntze

Bambusa lumampao Blanco

Schizostachyum hirtiflorum Hack.

Schizostachyum mucronatum Hack.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Schizostachyum lumampao is an evergreen bamboo, forming dense clumps of culms 10 - 15 metres tall from short, woody rhizomes. The thin-walled, woody culms can be erect or arching; they are 4 - 8cm in diameter with internodes 25 - 50cm or more long[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
This species is one of the economically important bamboos in the Philippines, providing material for a wide range of uses. It grows extensively in large, natural stands but there are no large-scale plantations. Its exploitation is generally unregulated and no economic or production statistics are available. Consumption and trade are mainly local in rural areas, whilst in the northern Philippines a processing plant has been established to make plybamboo from natural stands[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
]. Usually harvested from large, natural stands, the plant is also cultivated occasionally[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Philippines.

Habitat

Thickets and secondary forest, sometimes nearly exclusively occupying large areas; at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Bamboo
Height12.50 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist, tropical lowlands, where it can also be found at elevations up to 1,500 metres. It grows best at an average temperature of 28 - 32°c with an annual rainfall around 1,900 mm[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
It grows best on a well-drained sandy loam or clay loam, often found growing found on forested hills with a pH of 5.0 - 6.5[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Young shoots emerge during the rainy season and develop to their full height in 4 - 6 months. The culms become mature in 1 - 2 years; they reach their maximum diameter at 5 metres height[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
A healthy clump produces several young shoots annually, up to about 10% of the number of mature culms[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The number of culms per hectare in natural stands averages about 9,000, but can be as high as 25,000 in dense stands. The dry weight rate of the above ground parts of a culm is approximately 89% for the culm, 7% for the branches, 4% for the leaves[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The culms can best be harvested in the dry season. In a newly established plantation, harvesting may start 5 years after planting. Most harvesting, however, is done from natural stands.
It is recommended to harvest only culms 3 years old or older in a 2-year-felling cycle, leaving about 40% of the standing mature culms evenly spaced in the clump[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
It has been estimated that dense natural stands of Schizostachyum lumampao can yield 2,500 culms per hectare each year, which is 15 tonnes on a dry-weight basis. The total dry weight of an average standing crop in natural stands is estimated at 59 - 73 tonnes per hectare. To produce 50 tonnes of pulp (for paper) per day, it is estimated that about a minimum of 4,000 hectares planted with Schizostachyum lumampao is necessary; pulp yield is on average about 43% of the culm yield[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Traditionally, harvested culms are air dried in the sun or in the shade for about 1 month. Kiln drying takes about 9 days. The culms are classified in the Philippines as moderately resistant to deterioration. Traditional methods are often used to preserve culms. These include soaking, curing, smoking and whitewashing. For industrial use, several chemical preservation methods are possible[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The culms are widely used in making bamboo matting known as 'sawali', a material woven from thin strips, which is variously used in rural areas. They are also commonly used to make baskets, fences, spears, fish pens, flutes, handicrafts and for many other purposes, including constructions, ply bamboo panels and paper pulp[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - when available, it should be sown immediately. Sow in a moderately shaded position in containers, only just covering the seed. The seedlings can be transplanted after 5 - 6 months when they are 30 - 60 cm tall[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Rhizome cuttings (part of clump with roots, rhizome part and culm part) survive better than culm cuttings[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Culm cuttings (2-node portions) can be taken from 6 - 24 month-old culms, kept in the nursery for 3 - 5 months and planted out in the field in the rainy season[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-02-26. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Schizostachyum+lumampao>

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