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Useful Tropical Plants

Schizostachyum grande

Ridl.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Schizostachyum grande is an evergreen bamboo producing an open clump of culms 3 - 20 metres long from short, woody rhizomes. The thin-walled, woody culms are erect when young, later drooping to the ground or leaning on nearby vegetation; they are 5 - 12cm in diameter with internodes 50 - 90cm long[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - southern Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

A very common gregarious bamboos of open places in foothills of Peninsular Malaysia, at elevations above 400 metres, occasionally to 1,000 metres. Found on forest edges at elevations around 50 metres in the north of its range[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Bamboo
Height10.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The plant is regarded as a weed of overlogged forests in Peninsular Malaysia, where it occurs abundantly, together with Gigantochloa scortechinii and Dendrocalamus pendulus[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Efforts used to be directed towards eradication of the plants, but at present, the exploitation of these weedy bamboos as material for local cottage industries is being promoted - more successfully for Gigantochloa scortechinii and Dendrocalamus pendulus than for Schizostachyum grande. More research is needed on how to reclaim land in certain areas occupied by Schizostachyum grande[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
A mature clump of Schizostachyum grande contains on average 10 - 25 culms, exceptionally to 60 culms[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Young shoots and inflorescences are produced all the year round[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying.

Edible Uses

Young shoots are used as a vegetable and also much liked by orang utans in Sumatra[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The culms are used as frames, for plaiting dish covers and winnowing trays, and as containers to cook glutinous rice ('lemang')[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
As a thin-walled bamboo, the culms could be used to make baskets and other handicrafts[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The leaves are used as wrappers for a Chinese glutinous rice dumpling[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Schizostachyum+grande>

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