Schizostachyum caudatum is an evergreen bamboo forming a dense clump of culms 6 - 10 metres tall from short, woody rhizomes. The erect stems droop at the tip; they are almost solid, around 15 - 40mm in diameter with internodes up to 20cm long[
Southeast Asia - Indonesia.
Lowland areas, ascending to 1,000 metres[
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying.
In the Bogor Botanic Garden (Indonesia) Schizostachyum caudatum continues to produce flowers and fruits, which often germinate instantly on the ground below the mother clump, but rarely develop into mature plants[
Local people consider this bamboo as sacred, giving protection against evil influences[
]. They plant it in graveyards and tend not to utilize it[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.