Clompanus scaphigera (Wall. ex G.Don) Kuntze
Scaphium wallichii (Wall. ex G.Don) Schott & Endl.
Sterculia scaphigera Wall. ex G.Don
Scaphium scaphigerum is an evergreen tree growing up to 45 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 150cm in diameter, with buttresses up to 7 metres high[
The seeds are commonly harvested from the wild to make a drink that is very popular in China and Thailand, and also for medicinal purposes. The wood is a source of 'kembang semangkok' timber and is harvested from the wild for local use and for trade.
E. Asia - Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos.
Evergreen lowland forest at elevations from 80 - 700 metres[
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A plant of the moist tropics where it can be found at elevations up to 700 metres. It grows in areas with a pronounced dry season[
The seed, when soaked in water, produces a gelatinous mass. Although virtually tasteless, it is used to make a popular drink in Thailand and China, usually with the addition of sugar and soaked basil seeds[
]. The seeds are 18 - 35mm long, surrounded by a thin pericarp about 2mm wide - this is the part that swells and increases enormously in size when soaked in water[
A drink made with the mucilage from the soaked seed is demulcent, febrifuge and stomachic[
]. It is said to be effective in a wide range of diseases, particularly for treating diarrhoea and dysentery, probably working by coating the affected area in a soothing, healing mucilage and thus giving it an opportunity to recover[
The main component in the mucilage is bassorin[
The wood is a source of 'kembang semangkok' timber. We have no specific information on the wood of this species, but the following is a general description of kembang semangkok wood:-
The heartwood is light yellow to light brown, with a large silver figure; it is not demarcated from the sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or shallowly interlocked. The wood is moderately heavy; moderately hard; somewhat resistant to fungi but susceptible to dry wood borers. It seasons fairly rapidly, with very little risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. It has a high blunting effect, so stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; nailing and screwing are good; gluing is correct. The wood is used in construction, for joinery and panelling, furniture components, boxes and crates, flooring, matches, plywood, veneer etc[
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