Scaphium velutinum Kosterm.
Tree growing in Bikit Nanas National Forest reserve, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Photograph by: Patrice78500
Scaphium longiflorum is an evergreen tree growing up to 36 metres tall[
]. The straight, cylindrical bole has thick buttresses[
The edible seed is gathered from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. The tree is exploited as a source of 'kembang semangkok' timber for major international trade and as a medicine for minor international trade[
A scattered primary forest tree which has declined due to expansion of settlement and logging activities[
]. The tree is listed as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2010)[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia.
Lowland forests, especially in swampy or semi-swampy rainforest[
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Seed - raw[
The seed has medicinal uses[
The wood is used for veneer, plywood, interior finishing and furniture[
The wood is a source of 'kembang semangkok' timber. We have no more specific information on the wood of this species, but the following is a general description of kembang semangkok wood:-
The heartwood is light yellow to light brown, with a large silver figure; it is not demarcated from the sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or shallowly interlocked. The wood is moderately heavy; moderately hard; somewhat resistant to fungi but susceptible to dry wood borers. It seasons fairly rapidly, with very little risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. It has a high blunting effect, so stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; nailing and screwing are good; gluing is correct. The wood is used in construction, for joinery and panelling, furniture components, boxes and crates, flooring, matches, plywood, veneer etc[
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