Chailletia edulis Kurz
Sarcostigma edule Kurz
Sarcostigma horsfieldii R.Br.
Sarcostigma roxburghii Wall. ex Griff.
Sarcostigma wallichii Baill.
Sarcostigma kleinii is a much-branched vigorous climbing shrub with stems up to 26 metres long and up to 8cm thick. Usually evergreen, the plant is sometimes leafless when flowering[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, mdicine and source of oil. The oil is a popular treatment for rheumatism in India.
E. Asia - southwest India, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaya, Indonesia
Forests; at elevations up to 550 metres[
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Sarcostigma kleinii is a plant of the tropics, where it is usually found under seasonal climatic conditions[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seeds are required[
Fruit - a thin sweetish pulp surrounding the single seed[
]. The ripe fruit is eaten raw[
Leaves and young shoots. They are cut into small pieces and cooked with salt and chilli, and garnished with mustard seeds, curry leaves and onions in oil[
The oil is anaphrodisiac, anthelmintic, bitter, depurative and vulnerary. It is useful in vitiated conditions of vata, and for treating conditions such as helminthiasis, foul ulcers, leprosy and skin diseases[
The oil obtained from the seeds is highly esteemed in India for the treatment of rheumatism[
The bark and leaves are acrid, anaphrodisiac, anthelmintic, carminative, bitter, depurative, digestive, diuretic, stomachic, thermogenic and vulnerary[
]. They are useful in the treatment of vitiated conditions of vata, and for conditions such as cephalalgia, gastropathy, anorexia, flatulence, helminthiasis, strangury, indolent ulcers, leprosy, skin diseases, hysteria and epilepsy[
Methanolic extracts of the leaf and bark have shown high antioxidant activity. They can be considered as potential new sources of natural antioxidants for food and nutraceutical products[
An oil obtained from the seeds is used as an illuminant in lamps[
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