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Useful Tropical Plants

Sapium jenmannii

Hemsl.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Sapium cladogyne Hutch.

Common Name:

Sapium jenmannii

General Information

Sapium jenmanii is a tall tree.
The latex obtained from the plant provides a very good quality rubber. The plant was at one time cultivated for this purpose, but results were disappointing[
458
Title
Rubber. Its Sources, Cultivation and Preparation.
Publication
 
Author
Brown H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
John Murray; London.
Year
1914
ISBN
 
Description
Written in the days before synthetic rubbers and the loss of interest in finding new rubber sources. A good amount of information on latex-producing plants. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The tree is probably also harvested for its wood, which would be traded.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - northern Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela and Colombia.

Habitat

Alluvial forests[
511
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 23
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry - Bulletin No. 208
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1911
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1909, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of low elevations in the moist tropics[
511
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 23
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry - Bulletin No. 208
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1911
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1909, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
Requires a humid position that is sheltered from strong winds[
511
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 23
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry - Bulletin No. 208
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1911
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1909, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It prefers a well-drained, fully cleared clayey-peaty soil[
511
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 23
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry - Bulletin No. 208
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1911
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1909, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. In heavy clay soils, exposed to wind, this plant does not grow luxuriantly, developing into a shrubby bush very liable to attacks from pests[
511
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 23
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry - Bulletin No. 208
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1911
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1909, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The latex obtained from this tree produces a high quality rubber[
511
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 23
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry - Bulletin No. 208
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1911
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1909, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It has a wonderful elasticity[
511
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 23
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry - Bulletin No. 208
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1911
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1909, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It is extracted as scrap[
511
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported Vol. 23
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry - Bulletin No. 208
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1911
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1909, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

We have no information on the wood for this species, but a general description of the wood from American members of the genus is as follows:-
The heartwood is whitish, yellowish, or light brown; it is not distinct from the cream-coloured sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight to slightly interlocked; lustre is low; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The wood has a low resistance to decay and insect attack, including dry-wood termites; lumber is particularly prone to blue stain. The wood is reported to air dry rapidly with only slight warping and checking. It works easily because of its low density; sometimes surfaces are fuzzy but it generally machines smoothly; one report indicates a difficulty in sanding. It is used for purposes such as plywood, fiberboard, particleboard, general carpentry, millwork, utility furniture, boxes and crates[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Sapium+jenmannii>

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