It has been proposed by Pei-Luen Lu1 & Clifford W. Morden( in Phylogenetic Relationships among Dracaenoid Genera (Asparagaceae: Nolinoideae) Inferred from Chloroplast DNA Loci, Systematic Botany (2014), 39(1): pp. 90-104, DOI 10.1600/036364414X678035), that the genus Sansevieria should be transferred to the genus Dracaena. This treatment has not yet been taken up universally and so, for the time being, we are leaving Sansevieria as distinct. The proposed new name in Dracaena can be seen below in the list of synonyms.
There is a lot of confusion between this species, Sansevieria roxburghiana from India and Sansevieria aethiopica from Africa[
]. It is most likely that they all have similar uses.
Acyntha zeylanica (L.) Kuntze
Aloe zeylanica (L.) Jacq.
Cordyline zeylanica (L.) Britton
Dracaena zeylanica (L.) Mabb.
Sansevieria indica Herter
Common Name: Ceylon Bowstring Hemp
Ceylon bowstring hemp is a stemless evergreen perennial plant, producing succulent, erect, rigid leaves 45 - 75cm or more long and 25mm wide from a rhizomatous rootstock[
]. The flowering stem grows 60cm or more tall[
A widely used fibre plant, it is cultivated in almost all tropical countries for its fibre[
E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka.
Usually found growing among rocks in the drier areas of Sri Lanka[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7[
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
The dried rhizomes and roots provide material for antiseptic ointments[
The roots are used for purgative, tonic, expectorant and anti-fever remedies[
The plant is used traditionally in the treatment of septic wounds[
]. Modern research has confirmed that an aqueous extract of the plant possesses antifungal properties[
A fibre is obtained from the leaves[
]. It is used for making mats, sails, cordage, coarse cloth and the production of paper pulp[
Division of the rootstock.
Leaf cuttings. Cut the leaf into sections about 5cm long, place in a 2:1 mix of sand and peat in a propagating case with a bottom heat of 18°c[
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