It has been proposed by Pei-Luen Lu1 & Clifford W. Morden( in Phylogenetic Relationships among Dracaenoid Genera (Asparagaceae: Nolinoideae) Inferred from Chloroplast DNA Loci, Systematic Botany (2014), 39(1): pp. 90-104, DOI 10.1600/036364414X678035), that the genus Sansevieria should be transferred to the genus Dracaena. This treatment has not yet been taken up universally and so, for the time being, we are leaving Sansevieria as distinct. The proposed new name in Dracaena can be seen below in the list of synonyms.
There is a lot of confusion between this species, Sansevieria aethiopica from Africa and Sansevieria zeylanica from Sri Lanka[
]. It is most likely that they all have similar uses.
Acyntha roxburghiana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Kuntze
Cordyline roxburghiana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Merr.
Dracaena roxburghiana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Byng & Christenh.
Sansevieria zeylanica Roxb.
Sansevieria roxburghiana is a stemless evergreen perennial plant, producing succulent, erect, rigid leaves 45 - 75cm or more long and 25mm wide from a rhizomatous rootstock[
]. The leaves can be up to 1.2 metres long[
]. The flowering stem grows 60cm or more tall[
A fibre is obtained from the leaves.
E. Asia - southern and eastern India.
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Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7[
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
The plant can spread freely at the roots.
A good quality fibre is obtained from the leaves[
]. The fibre is pliant, soft, and silky[
]. The natural elasticity of the fibre makes it suitable for making bowstrings[
]. The fibre is used for the preparation of cordage and matting in the regions where it occurs, and is much valued in Europe for ropes used in deep-sea dredging[
]. It has been used for making paper, but is too expensive a fibre for this use[
The fibre is usually prepared by taking the fresh leaves and placing one of them on a smooth board which is raised at one end. The lower end of the leaf is then pressed down by the toe of the workman, who squats on the plank, and with a blunt knife, or piece of iron plate scrapes upward along the surface of the leaf and thus deprives it of its fleshy pulp by successive scrapings, turning the leaf over and over, as may be necessary. When the pulp is thoroughly removed, the fibre is washed for three or four minutes, and dried in the shade[
]. Washing in brackish or salt water, or continuous soaking in water is said to destroy the glossy white appearance of this fibre[
Division of the rootstock.
Leaf cuttings. Cut the leaf into sections about 5cm long, place in a 2:1 mix of sand and peat in a propagating case with a bottom heat of 18°c[
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