Some authorities have recently moved this species to Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Noot[
Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Noot.
Samadera indica is an evergreen shrub or tree growing up to 20 metres tall[
]. The bole is up to 39cm in diameter[
The tree is gathered from the wild to treat a range of medical conditions. It is also used locally as an insecticide.
The bark is toxic with a bitter principle similar to quassin[
Africa - Madagascar, through the Indian Ocean to the Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, through southeast Asia to Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
]. Usually rather rare, but locally common, in tidal swamp forest or periodically inundated forest. In lowland mixed dipterocarp forest it is usually found at elevations below 150 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
The bark is used in the treatment of fevers[
The juice of the pounded bark is considered a cure for skin diseases[
After maceration, or in decoction, the bark and wood are used as a febrifuge, tonic, stomachic and emmenagogue[
A decoction of the leaves is taken to relieve cough[
The leaves are bruised and then applied externally as a treatment for erysipelas[
]. The macerated leaves, mixed with coconut oil, are used to kill head lice[
The seeds in particular are of medicinal importance and are commonly applied as an emetic and purgative[
]. They are used in the treatment of bilious fevers[
The oil from the seeds is applied externally on rheumatic joints, and used as a liniment on bruises[
All parts of the plant contain the glucoside samaderin and a bitter substance[
A decoction of the leaves is used to kill termites[
An infusion of the leaves is used as an insecticide[
The macerated leaves, mixed with coconut oil, are applied to the hair for cleansing purposes[
The seeds contain about 33% oil, but it is difficult to get a sufficient supply for commercial use[
The pale yellow wood is light and soft[
]. It is used for making 'parang' handles[
]. The wood is used for making the handles of knives[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.