If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Rudgea viburnoides

(Cham.) Benth.

Rubiaceae

+ Synonyms

Coffea viburnoides Cham.

Palicourea densiflora Mart.

Rudgea krukovii Standl.

Uragoga densiflora (Mart.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Rudgea viburnoides
Ripening fruits
Photograph by: Frutos Atrativos do Cerrado
Creative Commons License
Rudgea viburnoides Rudgea viburnoides Rudgea viburnoides Rudgea viburnoides Rudgea viburnoides

General Information

Rudgea viburnoides is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense, globose crown; it can grow up to 4 metres tall.
Although poisonous in higher doses, the plant is a popular and effective herbal treatment in Brazil, where it is often harvested from the wild for local use and trade. An extremely ornamental plant, it is grown in gardens and in greenhouses in colder areas[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Known Hazards

Although used medicinally, the plant can be poisonous in larger doses, causing a violent colic and vomiting[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia.

Habitat

Savannah.

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height6.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the tropics, found at elevations from near sea level to over 1,300 metres. Where it grows in the savannah of central Brazil, it experiences a mean annual temperature ranging from 18 - 22°c, with lows below 15°c in the cool season. Mean annual rainfall ranges from 900 - 1,800mm.
Grows best in a sunny position. Often found in deep, well-drained, moist soils that can be low in nutrients.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Rudgea viburnoides has been used for about three hundred years in popular medicine in Brazil, especially in the state of Minas Gerais. Various parts of the plant possess different medicinal properties. The plant should be used with some caution, however, because it can be toxic in larger doses[
758
Title
Liver Morphology and Morphometry and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Wistar Rats that Received Leaf Infusion of Rud
Publication
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. Vol. 52, n. 2 : pp. 407-412, March-April 2009
Author
Monteiro J.C.; da Matta S.L.P.; Predes F. De Oliveira T.T.
Publisher
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Year
2009
ISBN
1516-8913
Description
A research paper on possible liver damage from using Rudgea viburnoides.
].
Chemical examination of the plant has revealed the presence of flavonoids; a new triterpene (viburgenin); saponins (arjunglucoside and trachelosperosides B-1 and E-1) and other triterpenes (trachelosperogenin B and arjungenin)[
758
Title
Liver Morphology and Morphometry and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Wistar Rats that Received Leaf Infusion of Rud
Publication
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. Vol. 52, n. 2 : pp. 407-412, March-April 2009
Author
Monteiro J.C.; da Matta S.L.P.; Predes F. De Oliveira T.T.
Publisher
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Year
2009
ISBN
1516-8913
Description
A research paper on possible liver damage from using Rudgea viburnoides.
].
The stem bark and the root bark contain various alkaloids, including 'paracotoina' and 'cotoina'[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. The latter, combined with formic aldhyde, forms an artificial alkaloid called 'fortoina' - this is comprised of yellow crystals that are without flavour but with the aroma of canella. It is very soluble in water and little soluble in alcohol and benzine. These alkaloids, sometimes even the simple bark, have produced good results when used in Europe for the treatment of rheumatism, gout, catarrhal enteritis, night sweats of tuberculosis and ulcers of the stomach. In addition, fortoina is an effective specific in the treatment of all forms of diarrhoea, including infantile diarrhoea[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

The leaves are antirheumatic, antisyphilitic, diuretic, emetic (in larger doses) and tonic[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. An infusion is an effective treatment for rheumatism and syphilis, useful also in the treatment of asthenia, dyspepsia and swelling of the limbs[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. Other conditions treated include bladder and urinary tract diseases, high blood pressure and recently it has been indicated for weight loss diets[
758
Title
Liver Morphology and Morphometry and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Wistar Rats that Received Leaf Infusion of Rud
Publication
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. Vol. 52, n. 2 : pp. 407-412, March-April 2009
Author
Monteiro J.C.; da Matta S.L.P.; Predes F. De Oliveira T.T.
Publisher
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Year
2009
ISBN
1516-8913
Description
A research paper on possible liver damage from using Rudgea viburnoides.
].

The root bark and stem are a good blood cleanser. They are an effective treatment for gout, the nocturnal sweating of tubercular patients, stomach ulcers and rheumatism[
758
Title
Liver Morphology and Morphometry and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Wistar Rats that Received Leaf Infusion of Rud
Publication
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. Vol. 52, n. 2 : pp. 407-412, March-April 2009
Author
Monteiro J.C.; da Matta S.L.P.; Predes F. De Oliveira T.T.
Publisher
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Year
2009
ISBN
1516-8913
Description
A research paper on possible liver damage from using Rudgea viburnoides.
].

The ripe fruit rinds exhibited a moderate antifungal activity against Cladosporium cladosporioides[
758
Title
Liver Morphology and Morphometry and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Wistar Rats that Received Leaf Infusion of Rud
Publication
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. Vol. 52, n. 2 : pp. 407-412, March-April 2009
Author
Monteiro J.C.; da Matta S.L.P.; Predes F. De Oliveira T.T.
Publisher
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Year
2009
ISBN
1516-8913
Description
A research paper on possible liver damage from using Rudgea viburnoides.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a nursery seedbed. Sow them on the surface of the soil and then water them copiously but carefully to bury them into the top layer of the soil without washing them away. A low germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 40 days[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. When the seedlings are 4 - 5cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 6 - 7 months later[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Rudgea+viburnoides>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.