Aconogonon hypoleucum (Kudô & Sasaki) Soják
Bilderdykia multiflora (Thunb.) Roberty & Vautier
Fagopyrum multiflorum (Thunb.) I. Grinţ.
Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Haraldson
Helxine multiflorum (Thunb.) Raf.
Pleuropterus cordatus Turcz.
Pleuropterus hypoleucus Nakai
Pleuropterus multiflorus (Thunb.) Turcz. ex Nakai
Polygonum hypoleucum (Nakai) Kudô & Sasaki
Polygonum hypoleucum Ohwi
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb.
Common Name: He Shou Wu
Reynoutria multiflora is a perennial climbing plant growing from a woody, tuberous rootstock. It produces a cluster of much-branched, twining stems around 2 - 4cm in diameter and up to 4.5 metres high[
He Shou Wu is considered to be one of the most important Chinese herbal tonics and is widely used as a medicine. It is traded both locally and internationally, being commonly harvested from the wild and also cultivated for medicinal use in China, Japan and Korea[
]. The plant is also sometimes grown as an ornamental.
Although no specific mention has been made for this species, there have been reports that some members of this genus can cause photosensitivity in susceptible people.
Many species also contain oxalic acid (the distinctive lemony flavour of sorrel) - whilst not toxic this substance can bind up other minerals making them unavailable to the body and leading to mineral deficiency. Having said that, a number of common foods such as sorrel and rhubarb contain oxalic acid and the leaves of most members of this genus are nutritious and beneficial to eat in moderate quantities. Cooking the leaves will reduce their content of oxalic acid. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition[
E. Asia - southeast China, Vietnam, Thailand.
Mountain slopes, rock crevices, thickets in valleys; at elevations from 200 - 3,000 metres in China[
]. Woods, north to latitude 42° 30' north[
]. Along the banks of streams and in valley shrub thickets[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
He shou wu is mainly a plant of temperate to subtropical areas, though it does enter the tropics in southern China and is cultivated in parts of Indo-China. The plant is hardy to at least -15°c when dormant[
Succeeds in an ordinary garden soil[
] but prefers a moisture retentive not too fertile soil in sun or part shade[
]. Repays generous treatment[
Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[
There is a suggestion that this plant might be dioecious[
], in which case both male and female forms will need to be grown if seed is required[
Leaves - raw or cooked.
Seed - raw or cooked. It is rather small and fiddly to utilize[
]. No more details are given.
Root - cooked[
]. It should be washed several times in order to leech out the bitterness[
]. This process will also remove many of the vitamins and minerals from the roots[
]. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails[
He Shou Wu is considered to be one of the most important of the Chinese herbal tonics and is widely used in that country[
]. It is said to restore vitality and virility[
], working especially on the liver and the reproductive, urinary and circulatory systems[
]. Some care should be exercised, however, since excessive doses can cause skin rash and numbness of the extremities[
The roots and stems are antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, antispasmodic, astringent, cardiotonic, demulcent, depurative, hypoglycaemic, laxative, sedative, tonic[
]. The roots are taken internally in the treatment of menstrual and menopausal complaints, constipation in the elderly, swollen lymph glands and high cholesterol levels[
]. They are very effective in reducing high cholesterol levels in the blood and increase blood sugar levels[
]. It is said that if the rhizomes are taken for a long time, the hair and beard turn black[
Applied externally, the roots are used to treat ringworm, bleeding wounds and sores[
The roots are harvested in the autumn, preferably from plants 3 - 4 years old, and are dried for later use[
The leaves and roots tonify the liver and kidneys, fortify the blood, strengthen the muscles and prevent premature greying of the hair[
The stem is deobstruent and sedative[
]. It is taken internally in the treatment of insomnia and neurasthenia whilst it is applied externally to ringworm[
]. The stems are harvested in late summer or early autumn and are dried for later use[
Extracts of the plant have shown antipyretic, antitumour, hypoglycaemic and sedative activity[
Seed - germination is usually free and easy. Sow the seed in containers and, when they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out when they are large enough.
Division is very easy - larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade until they are well established before planting them out.
Stem cuttings 30 - 40cm long[