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Useful Tropical Plants

Psophocarpus grandiflorus

R.Wilczek

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Psophocarpus palustris Westphal

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Psophocarpus grandiflorus is a perennial climbing plant growing from a fibrous rootstock; the stems can be up to 5 metres long, they scramble over the ground, twining into the surrounding vegetation for support[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials. A plant of multipurpose utility in Zaire, where it is occasionally cultivated[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1571
Title
A Revision of Psophocarpus (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae-Phaseoleae)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 33, No. 2 (1978), pp. 191-227
Author
Verdcourt B. & Halliday P.
Website
http://10.2307/4109575
Publisher
 
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Tropical Africa - Ethiopia, Uganda, eastern DR Congo

Habitat

Upland bushland, forest and grassland; edges of marshy areas, in steep valleys with small streams in Pennisetum associations and twining on Cyperus trees; at elevations from 1,600 - 2,300 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial Climber
Height4.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Species in this genus generally require a sunny position, growing best in a moist but well-drained, slightly acid loamy soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Plants do not flower if growing in the shade (unless the higher shoots grow into the sun) or in high nutrient soils[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Young leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Young seedpods - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The seedpods are around 40 - 90mm long and 7 - 15mm wide[
1571
Title
A Revision of Psophocarpus (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae-Phaseoleae)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 33, No. 2 (1978), pp. 191-227
Author
Verdcourt B. & Halliday P.
Website
http://10.2307/4109575
Publisher
 
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Mature seeds - cooked[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The seeds are roasted and used as a nutritious snack[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The oblong-ellipsoid seeds are 7 - 9mm long and 6 - 8mm wide[
1571
Title
A Revision of Psophocarpus (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae-Phaseoleae)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 33, No. 2 (1978), pp. 191-227
Author
Verdcourt B. & Halliday P.
Website
http://10.2307/4109575
Publisher
 
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The strong, twining shoots are used as a tourniquet to constrict blood flow following injury[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
]/

Other Uses

The leaves are used to darken statuary and other artifacts[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Freshly carved wood is rubbed with the leaves, then wrapped in more leaves and finally placed in a muddy area such as a marsh. The wood becomes darker and looks more like an antique than a new carving[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The strong, twining shoots are used to tie loads for carrying[
1570
Title
Uses, Nutritional Composition, and Ecogeography of Four Species of Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire
Publication
Economic Botany Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1990), pp. 391-409
Author
Harder D.; Lolema O.P.M. & Tshisand M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4255258.
Publisher
 
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - requires pre-treatment. Pre-soaking for 12 - 24 hours in warm water should soften the hard seedcoat and allow the seed to swell. If it does not swell, then making a small nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) should allow the seed to take up water[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-05-26. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Psophocarpus+grandiflorus>

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