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Useful Tropical Plants

Pseudolmedia laevis

(Ruiz & Pav.) J.F.Macbr.

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Olmedia caurensis Pittier

Olmedia ferruginea Poepp. & Endl.

Olmedia laevis Ruiz & Pav.

Olmediopsis lanceolata H.Karst.

Olmediopsis obliqua H.Karst.

Pseudolmedia alnifolia Rusby

Pseudolmedia ferruginea (Poepp. & Endl.) Trécul

Pseudolmedia hirsuta Baill.

Pseudolmedia hirtellifolia Rusby

Pseudolmedia multinervis Mildbr.

Pseudolmedia obliqua (H.Karst.) Renner

Pseudolmedia sagotii Benoist

Common Name:

Pseudolmedia laevis
Drawing of the flowering branch
Photograph by: Karsten, K.W.G.H., Florae Columbiae, vol. 2: t. 109 (1869)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Pseudolmedia laevis is a tree with a dense, globose crown; it can grow up to 40 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for up to 20 metres, up to 75cm in diameter, has large surface roots and is buttressed[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
704
Title
Illustrated Booklet of 25 Forest Species of Putumayo, Colombia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
USAID/Colombia.
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF Document released on the Internet, giving good descriptions and brief notes on the uses of 25 tree species from Colombia.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of wood and latex.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas.

Habitat

Dense, flood-free forests at elevations around 165 metres[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height30.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


A shade-loving species that grows in partial shade on terra firma in clayey soils[
704
Title
Illustrated Booklet of 25 Forest Species of Putumayo, Colombia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
USAID/Colombia.
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF Document released on the Internet, giving good descriptions and brief notes on the uses of 25 tree species from Colombia.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
,
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The red fruit is

Medicinal

The plant is used medicinally[
704
Title
Illustrated Booklet of 25 Forest Species of Putumayo, Colombia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
USAID/Colombia.
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF Document released on the Internet, giving good descriptions and brief notes on the uses of 25 tree species from Colombia.
]. No more details are given.

Other Uses

A yellowish latex exudes freely from the bark and heartwood. It turns orangish over time, and flows in teardrops after cutting[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
704
Title
Illustrated Booklet of 25 Forest Species of Putumayo, Colombia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
USAID/Colombia.
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF Document released on the Internet, giving good descriptions and brief notes on the uses of 25 tree species from Colombia.
].
A white latex exudes abundantly from incisions on the trunk; upon exposure to the air this condenses into an elastic resin, reddish chestnut in colour[
434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
].

The heartwood is pinkish or dark brown; the sapwood yellowish brown with an extensive grayish tinge. The grain is straight, or slightly wavy; growth rings are present, but poorly defined; they are visible owing to a slight variation in depth of colour. The wood is said to be 'as hard as a rock'[
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It is of medium weight and strong, though is sometimes perishable and susceptible to stain. It is not difficult to work and holds its place well. The wood is esteemed for making canoes, and also the rollers used for crushing sugar cane; it is also used in construction[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-05-28. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pseudolmedia+laevis>

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