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Useful Tropical Plants

Pouteria multiflora

(A.DC.) Eyma

Sapotaceae

+ Synonyms

Achras acana Sessé & Moc.

Lucuma dussiana Pierre ex Duss

Lucuma macrocarpa Huber

Lucuma multiflora A.DC.

Lucuma quadrifda Pierre

Lucuma stahliana Pierre

Lucuma urbanii Pierre

Pouteria carabobensis Pittier

Pouteria dussiana (Pierre ex Duss) Stehlé

Pouteria huberiana Rizzini

Pouteria macrocarpa (Huber) Ducke

Pouteria officinalis García-Barr.

Radlkoferella dussiana Pierre

Radlkoferella guadelupensis Pierre

Radlkoferella latifolia Fawc.

Radlkoferella macrocarpa (Huber) Aubrév.

Radlkoferella multiflora (A.DC.) Pierre

Radlkoferella quadrifida Pierre

Radlkoferella urbanii Pierre

Sapota latifolia (Fawc.) Kuntze

Vitellaria multiflora (A.DC.) Radlk.

Common Name:

Pouteria multiflora
Leaves and immature fruit
Photograph by: R. Pérez; Center for Tropical Forest Science
© Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Pouteria multiflora Pouteria multiflora Pouteria multiflora

General Information

Pouteria multiflora is an evergreen tree with a dense, wide canopy of spreading and slightly drooping branches; it can grow 12 - 28 metres tall. The bole can be 45 - 90cm in diameter, with small buttresses often evident on older trees[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of a good quality wood. The fruits are sold in local markets in Jamaica[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. The tree is sometimes planted in home gardens for its edible fruit, it is also suitable for growing as an ornament and to provide shade[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

787
Title
Flora of Dominica, Part 2: Dicotyledoneae
Publication
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No. 77
Author
Nicolson D.H.; et al
Website
http://www.sil.si.edu/smithsoniancontributions/Botany/
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute Press; Washington
Year
1991
ISBN
90-10415
Description
A terse but very useful flora with a somewhat limited botanical description plus range, habitat and some uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

S. America - northern Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama; Caribbean - Trinidad to Jamaica.

Habitat

Humid forests[
377
Title
Trade Winds Fruit
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The on-line catalogue of a company selling seeds. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals.
]. Moist coastal and limestone forests and lower mountain forests in Puerto Rico[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. Occasionally a dominant tree in rainforests of Dominica[
787
Title
Flora of Dominica, Part 2: Dicotyledoneae
Publication
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No. 77
Author
Nicolson D.H.; et al
Website
http://www.sil.si.edu/smithsoniancontributions/Botany/
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute Press; Washington
Year
1991
ISBN
90-10415
Description
A terse but very useful flora with a somewhat limited botanical description plus range, habitat and some uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height21.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist to wet tropical lowlands and lower montane regions. It is mostly confined to areas where the mean annual rainfall is within the range 1,400 - 3,000mm, either with no dry season or a dry season of up to 4 months[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. The mean temperature of the coolest month is around 22°c and the hottest month 27°c, with a complete absence of frosts[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Succeeds in full sun, but also thrives in the shade of other trees. Most commonly found on clay soils derived from limestone and igneous rocks, also succeeding in sandy loamd[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Growth is best in a moist but well-drained soil[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 4.5 - 7[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Seedlings sometimes are numerous in the shade of a parent tree[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. They can survive 10 - 20 years in the understorey, growing larger if a gap in the canopy opens up[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Seedlings quickly produce strong taproots with numerous laterals. In older trees the roots are deep and extensive, often protruding above ground level in clay soils. The plant thus becomes very resistant to windthrow in strong winds and, whilst it can often lose its upper branches, it will generally recover quickly[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
On favourable sites with sufficient light, 5 year old trees can be 3 - 6 metres tall with boles 25 - 50mm in diameter[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Trees commence flowering at around the age of 20 - 30 years, once the crown is well-developed[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Flowering and fruiting takes place for about half the year, but in moister climates the fruit ripens nearly throughout the year[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
A large tree will bear from 200 to 300 fruits a year[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Trees respond well to coppicing[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
377
Title
Trade Winds Fruit
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The on-line catalogue of a company selling seeds. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. A sparse, but sweetish pulp with a creamy to pasty texture and a mild, pleasant flavour[
377
Title
Trade Winds Fruit
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The on-line catalogue of a company selling seeds. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals.
,
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Edible but mealy and almost tasteless[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. The orange-yellow coloured round or elliptic fruits are 35 - 50mm long and 30mm wide, usually containing a single, large seed[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Medicinal


Other Uses

The heartwood is reddish brown; it is not clearly demarcated from the light brown sapwood. It is fine-textured; generally straight-grained; medium to low lustre; and without evident growth rings. The wood is very hard, very heavy, firm, strong, but it is susceptible to attack by dry-wood termites. Air-seasoning is slow, difficult, and with considerable degrade. It is fairly difficult to work due to its high density, hardness and silica content; planing and resistance to screw splitting are fair; shaping, turning, mortising, and sanding are good; and boring is excellent. The wood is used principally for construction and also for furniture. Uses elsewhere include heavy construction, house framing, bridgework, and posts[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The wood is commonlyused for fuel[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - it cannot tolerate being dried and so is best sown as soon as it is ripe. Sow the large seed in situ or in individual containers, either in light shade or in full sun. The seed can sprout within 20 - 70 days with a 50 - 100% germination rate[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Approximately 20% of seedlings produce multiple leaders[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Seedlings are ready to plant out when 40cm tall, at about the age of 5 months[
788
Title
Pouteria multiflora (A.DC.) Eyma. Jacana, Bully-tree. Sapotaceae. Sapodilla family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 5 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 62).
Author
Parrotta J.A. and Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30354
Publisher
USDA Forest Service
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Pouteria multiflora. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pouteria+multiflora>

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