Plumeria acuminata Ait.
Plumeria acutifolia Poir.
Plumeria angustifolia A.DC.
Plumeria arborea Noronha
Plumeria arborescens G.Don
Plumeria aurantia Endl.
Plumeria aurantia Lodd. ex G.Don
Plumeria aurantiaca Steud.
Plumeria bicolor Ruiz & Pav.
Plumeria carinata Ruiz & Pav.
Plumeria conspicua G.Don
Plumeria gouanii D.Don ex G.Don
Plumeria incarnata Mill.
Plumeria jamesonii Hook.
Plumeria kerrii G.Don
Plumeria kunthiana Kostel.
Plumeria lambertiana Lindl.
Plumeria loranthifolia Müll.Arg.
Plumeria lutea Ruiz & Pav.
Plumeria mariaelenae J.F.Gut. & J.Linares
Plumeria megaphylla A.DC.
Plumeria mexicana G.Lodd.
Plumeria milleri G.Don
Plumeria mollis Kunth
Plumeria northiana Lodd. ex G.Don
Plumeria purpurea Ruiz & Pav.
Plumeria tenuifolia Lodd. ex G.Don
Plumeria tricolor Ruiz & Pav.
Common Name: Frangipani
Plumeria rubra is a deciduous, semi-succulent shrub or small tree with a broad crown that is often as wide as the tree is tall; it can grow up to 12 metres tall in the wild but is usually smaller in cultivation[
]. The boles of wild trees can be 25cm in diameter[
The plant is often used as a herbal remedy. One of the most common and best known ornamental trees cultivated in the tropics[
]. It is often planted near Asian temples, where the fragrant flowers are picked daily as religious offerings[
The latex found in the stems of the plant is toxic but not deadly unless taken in large quantities[
Western S. America - Colombia and Venezuela, through mesoamerica to central Mexico.
Dry, hot areas[
]. Dry, rocky lowland[
]. Rather dry, often rocky forest and mountain slopes, occasionally on plains or in brushy savannahs, usually at elevations from 500 - 1,000 metres, but can be found up to 1,500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Frangipani is a plant of hot, dry to moderate rainfall areas, at elevations up to 600 metres[
]. Plants succeed in climates with a pronounced dry season, when they are deciduous and flower on the bare branches, as well as in more humid conditions when they will remain evergreen[
One of the easiest of trees to grow, it is adaptable to most soil conditions though it prefers a fertile, well-drained soil in a sunny position[
]. Plants are very tolerant of salt-laden winds[
]. Established plants are very salt tolerant[
The soft, thick branches bleed profusely if broken[
]. The branches are fleshy, but brittle[
The flowers are eaten in sweetmeats[
Frangipani contains a number of medically active constituents and has been shown to be uterine stimulant,
antifungal, antibacterial, antitumor, antiviral, analgesic, antispasmodic, and hypoglycaemic[
]. The plant contains fulvoplumierin, which has antibiotic activity and inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis[
The bark is abortifacient and purgative[
]. The juice of the bark is considered an effective treatment for gonorrhoea and venereal sores[
]. The scraped bark is used to treat scabies and wounds from poisonous fish[
]. The juice of the bark is also used to treat amoebic dysentery[
A poultice of the leaves is used to treat muscular swellings[
The milky juice (latex) is used to treat boils and rheumatic pain[
]. It is also applied to remove worms or germs from wounds[
]. It is used to treat the pain of toothache[
The sap is used to treat stings of wasps and bees, as well as centipede bites[
A decoction of the flowers is used in treating cough, constipation, acute enteritis, dysentery and haemophilia[
An essential oil is obtained from the flowers[
The flowers are used to scent coconut oil[
All parts of the plant yield a milky latex[
The tree is supposed to produce a rubber[
The wood is yellowish brown with faint purplish streaks, giving it a pleasing appearance[
]. It is hard, compact and very fine textured[
]. It takes a high polish and, although often quire small, is employed in some regions for articles of turnery[
Stem tip cuttings[
]. Allow to dry for several days before rooting in a cool, shaded position in a well-drained medium kept on the dry side until roots have formed[
]. Quite large limbs root easily[
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