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Useful Tropical Plants

Plectranthus punctatus

(L.f.) L'Hér.

Lamiaceae


Some species of Plectranthus are difficult to identify because of a lack of clear-cut morphological criteria to discriminate not only among species within the genus but also among the closely related genera. This has resulted in numerous taxonomic problems in the naming of species with the result that species have often been placed in several closely related genera like Coleus, Solenostemon and Englerastrum. In addition, some species formally placed in Plectranthus, are now recognized as the more distantly related genus Isodon.
Because of these taxonomic issues, different names have often been used for the same species of Plectranthus and thus it has been difficult to collate information about the ethnobotanical uses of this genus. Furthermore, the most commonly used medicinal species of Plectranthus have a high degree of synonymy[
1346
Title
Plectranthus: A review of ethnobotanical uses
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 103 (2006) 1-24
Author
Lukhoba C.W.; Simmonds M.S.J.; Paton A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent guide to the uses of Plectranthus species, giving the basic uses and the literature supporting this.
].
This report is very much indebted to the work of C.W. Lukhoba et al. - Journal of Ethnopharmacology 103 (2006) 1-24[
1346
Title
Plectranthus: A review of ethnobotanical uses
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 103 (2006) 1-24
Author
Lukhoba C.W.; Simmonds M.S.J.; Paton A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent guide to the uses of Plectranthus species, giving the basic uses and the literature supporting this.
] in untangling much of this mess of names, and utilizes the on-line Kew database ‘World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (http://wcsp.science.kew.org/home.do) for determining currently accepted names and synonyms (as of 2018).

+ Synonyms

Coleus doba Hochst. ex Chiov.

Coleus glandulosus Hook.f.

Coleus praetermissus Bullock & Killick

Coleus serrulatus Robyns

Galeopsis maculosa Lam.

Germanea maculosa Lam.

Germanea punctata (L.f.) Poir.

Majana glandulosa (Hook.f.) Kuntze

Ocimum punctatum L.f.

Plectranthus lycopifolius A.Rich.

Plectranthus maculosus (Lam.) Salisb.

Plectranthus serrulatus (Robyns) Troupin & Ayob.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Plectranthus punctatus is an erect or ascending, perennial plant (occasionally annual) with one to several, stout, simple or branched stems 30 - 120cm long. The stems are often creeping at the base where they can root adventitiously; they arise from a rhizome or branching root system that sometimes bears tubers[
515
Title
Flora of Tropical Africa Vol 1 - 8
Publication
 
Author
Var
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; Ashford, Kent.
Year
1868 - 1917
ISBN
 
Description
Very little information on habitat, range and uses, but gives good descriptions of the plants. It can be downloaded from the internet.
,
1355
Title
Plants of the World online
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://powo.science.kew.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database giving detailed descriptions of almost 40,000 species of plants (as of 2018), almost 25,000 images and a list of almost 850,000 plant names. A truly excellent resource and still growing.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

515
Title
Flora of Tropical Africa Vol 1 - 8
Publication
 
Author
Var
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; Ashford, Kent.
Year
1868 - 1917
ISBN
 
Description
Very little information on habitat, range and uses, but gives good descriptions of the plants. It can be downloaded from the internet.
,
1355
Title
Plants of the World online
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://powo.science.kew.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database giving detailed descriptions of almost 40,000 species of plants (as of 2018), almost 25,000 images and a list of almost 850,000 plant names. A truly excellent resource and still growing.

Range

Tropical Africa - Cameroon, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Madagascar

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used in the treatment of infections and fevers[
1346
Title
Plectranthus: A review of ethnobotanical uses
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 103 (2006) 1-24
Author
Lukhoba C.W.; Simmonds M.S.J.; Paton A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent guide to the uses of Plectranthus species, giving the basic uses and the literature supporting this.
]. The plant is used traditionally as a pain killer, anthelmintic, and as a medicine after vomiting[
1357
Title
Antimicrobial Abietane-Type Diterpenoids from Plectranthus punctatus
Publication
Molecules Online · November 2017
Author
Negera Abdissa, Marcel Frese and Norbert Sewald
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
DOI: 10.3390/mole
Description
 
]. The plant is used to treat ear infections[
1346
Title
Plectranthus: A review of ethnobotanical uses
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 103 (2006) 1-24
Author
Lukhoba C.W.; Simmonds M.S.J.; Paton A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent guide to the uses of Plectranthus species, giving the basic uses and the literature supporting this.
].

The root is used traditionally to treat stomach pain and heal wounds[
1357
Title
Antimicrobial Abietane-Type Diterpenoids from Plectranthus punctatus
Publication
Molecules Online · November 2017
Author
Negera Abdissa, Marcel Frese and Norbert Sewald
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
DOI: 10.3390/mole
Description
 
].

Extracts of the roots have shon effective antibacterial activity against both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria[
1357
Title
Antimicrobial Abietane-Type Diterpenoids from Plectranthus punctatus
Publication
Molecules Online · November 2017
Author
Negera Abdissa, Marcel Frese and Norbert Sewald
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
DOI: 10.3390/mole
Description
 
]/

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in well-drained soil, covering lightly with a thin layer of sand, and place in a warm but shaded spot. The seed germinates in about three weeks[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
Cuttings of Plectranthus species generally root easily - soft tips root faster than semi-hardwood growth. The cuttings are best taken 60 - 100mm long with three or four nodes, making the cut just below a node. Place them in sand, perlite, vermiculite or peat, or any mixture of these, keep them moist and shaded and they should root in 2 - 3 weeks[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
]
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-08-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Plectranthus+punctatus>

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