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Useful Tropical Plants

Platymiscium dimorphandrum

Donn.Sm.

Fabaceae


Closely related to Platymiscium pinnatum, and considered conspecific with it by some authorities.

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Platymiscium dimorphandrum is a large, deciduous tree with a spreading to rounded crown; it can grow up to 30 metres tall. The bole can be 50 - 120cm in diameter[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
].
An important timber tree in Guatemala and Mexico[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
].
This taxon is not known to be specifically threatened or in decline, however, there are a number of threats to the habitats in which the species occurs. These include cattle grazing and logging, which have lead to the severe deterioration of the Chiapas depression dry forests. Migratory agriculture and a rapid increase in the human population has lead to habitat loss in the Central American dry forests. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

In its native environment, the tree is often infested with ants that bite painfully[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.

Range

Central America - Costa Rica to southern Mexico.

Habitat

Wet or rather dry, mixed forest, at elevations up to 1,400 metres in Guatemala[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. Moist montane forest in Mexico[
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height25.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a position in full sun[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
]. Grows best in a deep, fertile, moisture-retentive soil[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
]. Established plants are fairly drought tolerant[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The strongly scented flowers attract large numbers of bees[
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is rich red or reddish brown, uniform or with lighter or darker veining; the sapwood is thick, yellowish white[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. The wood is hard, heavy and highly durable; the grain roey; texture rather fine; not very difficult to work; finishes smoothly; takes a high polish[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. It is used locally for furniture and cabinetwork, and it has been exported to the United States for billiard cue butts and as a substitute for cocobolo in making tool handles[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. In Guatemala it is believed to be the favourite wood for making the keys of marimbas[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
The wood is used for fuel[
904
Title
Ptatymiscium (Leguminosae: Dalbergieae): Biogeography Systematics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Uses.
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol. 60 No. 3 pp.321 - 400
Author
Kitgaard B.B.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2005
ISBN
 
Description
A revision of the genus Platymiscium.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Platymiscium+dimorphandrum>

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