A highly polymorphic species, which accounts for the large number of synonyms[
Pittosporum antunesii Engl.
Pittosporum commutatum Putt.
Pittosporum dalzielii Hutch.
Pittosporum feddeanum Pax
Pittosporum floribundum Wight & Arn.
Pittosporum kapiriense Cufod.
Pittosporum kruegeri Engl.
Pittosporum lynesii Cufod.
Pittosporum malosanum Baker
Pittosporum mannii Hook.f.
Pittosporum quartinianum Cufod.
Pittosporum rhodesicum Cufod.
Pittosporum ripicolum J.Léonard
Pittosporum sinense Desf.
Pittosporum spathicalyx De Wild.
Pittosporum ustulatum Cufod.
Pittosporum vosseleri Engl.
Common Name: Cape Pittosporum
Pittosporum viridiflorum is an evergreen plant, varying widely in size from a shrub about 4 metres tall to a large forest tree up to 30 metres tall, with a bole up to 50cm[
The tree has local medicinal uses, yields a dye and a useful wood. It is sometimes grown as a hedge. With its sweetly fragrant flowers and shiny, orange-red seeds, it is often grown as an ornamental plant in gardens[
Tropical Africa, mainly in the east from S. Africa to Ethiopia, but also in the west; Yemen and India.
Drier types of forest and evergreen bushland; rain-forest; farmland derived from these vegetation types; bamboo forest; degraded Juniperus procera forest; riverine and swamp forest, humid woodland; sometimes rocky outcrops; 650 - 2,600 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Plants can tolerate some frost[
Succeeds in full sun or semi-shade[
]. Prefers a well-drained, reasonably moist soil, though it can tolerate some drought[
The plant has escaped from cultivation and become established in areas outside its native range - it has the potential to become a weed[
The bark is a bitter emetic and febrifuge[
The stem bark, which has a bitter taste and strong resinous or liquorice smell, is used medicinally[
]. Decoctions or infusions are widely used to treat stomach complaints, abdominal pain and fever[
]. The roasted bark of young trees is used in the treatment of dysentery[
]. It is said to ease pain and have a calming effect[
The dried, powdered root or bark is sometimes added to beer as an aphrodisiac[
The bark is used as a medicine for anaemia and for preventing abortion in young women[
The plant can be pruned and grown as a hedge[
The bark yields a red dye[
The root fibre is used in basketry[
The plant is rich in saponins and has been used as a soap substitute[
The soft, white wood is little used, but has been utilized for kitchen furniture and shelving[
]. It is used for tool handles, spoons and clogs[
The wood is used as a fuel[
Seed - easily grown from seed[
]. Unparasitized seed has a germination percentage of 80 - 90%. Sow seeds in trays in a mixture of river sand and compost; cover lightly with fine compost and keep moist[
]. Seeds should germinate in 8 - 12 weeks and the fast growing seedlings should be bagged up when they have two leaves[
Softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings[
]. Transplants easily[
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