Adicea microphylla Kuntze
Chamaecnide microphylla Nees ex Miq.
Dubrueilia microphylla (L.) Gaudich.
Parietaria microphylla L.
Pilea muscosa Lindl.
Pilea portula Liebm.
Pilea serpyllacea (Kunth) Liebm.
Pilea succulenta Hook. f.
Pilea trianthemoides microphylla (L.) Wedd.
Urtica herniarifolia Willd.
Urtica microphylla (L.) Sw.
Urtica portulacoides Spreng.
Urtica serpyllacea Kunth
Common Name: Artillery Plany
Pilea microphylla is an evergreen, ground-covering annual to short-lived perennial plant forming a dense mat of growth around 30cm high and up to 60cm wide[
The plant is somtimes harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. An attractive plant with its fern-like appearance, it is often grown as a ground-cover in ornamental gardens and is also grown as a house plant in cooler zones.
Although a member of the stinging nettle family (Urticaceae), members of this genus do not have stinging hairs[
S. America - throughout, except for Chile, Uruguay; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to the Bahamas and southeast N. America.
On walls and in waste, rocky places in Bermuda[
]. Moist or wet, shaded banks, often on old walls of masonry or adobe, or in moist soil about dwellings, frequent among cobblestones of streets; at elevations up to 1,600 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a position in partial shade[
]. Requires a moist but well-drained soil, and can tolerate short periods of soil inundation[
]. Tolerant of a range of soil types[
Male flowers explosively discharge pollen into the air, hence one of the common names for this plant of 'artillery plant'[
An infusion of the entire plant is used as a diuretic[
The crushed leaves are applied commonly to sores and bruises to heal them[
In its native habitat, the plant may spread to as much as 60cm wide and is sometimes massed in tropical gardens as a ground cover[
Stem tip cuttings root easily[
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