Diplodon arboreus Poepp. & Endl.
Physocalymma floridum Pohl
Physocalymma scaberrimum is a slender, deciduous tree with horizontal branches and an elongate or pyramidal crown; it can grow from 5 - 25 metres tall[
]. In poor or rocky terrain it adopts a shrubby habit[
]. The erect, cylindrical bole is 20 - 35cm in diameter and can be unbranched for about 4 metres[
The plant is cultivated for its medicinal virtues in parts of Brazil[
]. A very beautiful plant, it has great potential as an ornamental[
S. America - central and northern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru.
Fairly common in old clearings or along the margins of flood-free forests in Peru[
]. Semideciduous forests and their transition to savannah, it is also very frequent as an isolated tree in pastures in Brazil[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the tropics, usually found at elevations below 600 metres, but with some specimens found up to 1,200 metres.
Prefers a sunny position[
]. Usually found on well-drained soils and clayey soils of medium fertility in the wild[
Young plants establish well and grow away quickly[
A dwarf form of this species, whose flowers are particularly rich in essential oils, has been especially selected[
The plant has medicinal properties[
The plant is a pioneer species within its native range[
]. It has been recommended for reforestation projects[
The sapwood is yellowish or pinkish brown with a greyish tinge, well-defined from the heartwood, which is purplish or dark brown[
]. The wood is fairly durable but subject to insect attacks; has no distinctive odour or taste; is moderately straight-grained; medium-textured; of medium weight to heavy, moderately hard, and compares with maple (Acer spp)[
]. It is moderately easy to work and capable of taking a smooth, lustrous polish[
]. It is used for fine cabinet making, lathe work, general constructions, poles, posts etc[
The wood is used for fuel[
Seed - best sown as soon as harvested in a seedbed with a sandy substrate[
]. A medium rate of germination takes place in 3 - 5 weeks[
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