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Useful Tropical Plants

Phoenix acaulis

Roxb.

Arecaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Phoenix acaulis is a single stemmed, evergreen palm forming a short, subterranean, bulbous stem just 10cm tall covered with persistent leaf bases. A cluster of eaves from 60 - 180cm tall grow up from the stem[
1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food that is usually only consumed in times of food shortage. It also has local medicinal uses[
1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

E. Asia - mainly in the sub-Himalayan belt of India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and perhaps Myanmar

Habitat

Open forest, scrublands, savannahs and pine forest understorey, often in clay soils; at elevations from 400 - 1,500 metres[
1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height1.50 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Requires a sunny position, succeeding in most soils so long as the drainage is excellent[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
].
A slow-growing plant[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].
Phoenix species are quite liable to hybridize where the various species meet as a result of cultivation[
1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

The bitter stem pith is sometimes used as a sago substitute. It is generally only eaten in times of shortage when other foods are not available[
1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Fruit - a sweet flavour though there is scarcely any flesh[
1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The blue-black, obovoid fruit is around 12 - 18mm long and 8mm wide, containing a single large seed[
1737
Title
A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae; Coryphoidede)
Publication
Kew Bulletin Vol 53, 3, 513-575, 1998
Author
Barrow S.C.
Website
http://10.2307/4110478
Publisher
 
Year
1998
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Medicinal

Immature-fruit is made in to a fine paste and the paste thus obtained is taken with rice washed water to check vomiting[
1738
Title
Ethno-Medico Botanical Study of Sundargarh District, Orissa, India
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 11: 148-163. 2007
Author
Prusti A.B. & Behera K.K.
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Leaf-juice is mixed in honey and is taken on an empty stomach as a vermifuge[
1738
Title
Ethno-Medico Botanical Study of Sundargarh District, Orissa, India
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 11: 148-163. 2007
Author
Prusti A.B. & Behera K.K.
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - pre-soak for 24 hours prior to sowing[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The seed germinates best at a temperature of 21 - 27°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Division of offsets[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Phoenix%20acaulis>

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