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Useful Tropical Plants

Petchia madagascariensis

(A.DC.) Leeuwenb.

Apocynaceae

+ Synonyms

Alyxia madagascariensis A.DC.

Alyxia polysperma Scott-Elliot

Cabucala crassifolia Pichon

Cabucala fasciculata Pichon

Cabucala glauca Pichon

Cabucala intermedia Pichon

Cabucala longipes Pichon

Cabucala macrophylla Pichon

Cabucala madagascariensis (A.DC.) Pichon

Cabucala multiflora Pichon

Cabucala penduliflora Markgr.

Cabucala polysperma (Scott-Elliot) Pichon

Cabucala torulosa Pichon

Gynopogon madagascariensis (A.DC.) K.Schum.

Pulassarium madagascariense (A.DC.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Petchia madagascariensis
Fruiting stem
Photograph by: Fidy Ratovoson
Creative Commons License
Petchia madagascariensis Petchia madagascariensis Petchia madagascariensis

General Information

Petchia madagascariensis is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 10 metres tall. The bole is up to 25cm in diameter[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and food.

Known Hazards

A decoction of the aerial parts is drunk as an ordeal poison[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Botanical References

455
Title
Flore de Madagascar et des Comores
Publication
 
Author
Humbert H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle; Paris
Year
1946 - 1984
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, an excellent flora of the area though it has not been completed. Available for download from the Internet.

Range

Africa - northern and eastern Madagascar.

Habitat

Humid evergreen forest, mostly near the coast, at elevations up to 600 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The fruit pulp is sweet and edible[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The fruit consists of two, cylindrical follicles, each follicle is composed of 1 - 13 orange drupes, each containing a single seed[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].


The leaves and stem bark are used as a bitter ingredient for the production of rum[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Medicinal

A leaf decoction is drunk to cure stomach-ache, gonorrhoea, rheumatism, gout and alopecia. It is also taken as a tonic, diuretic, vermifuge and for the treatment of diseases of the spinal nerves[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The crushed leaves are applied to insect stings[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A decoction of the stem bark is taken against malaria[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The root bark contains the alkaloids reserpine, cabucine and cabucinine[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Reserpine is considered the first modern drug for the treatment of hypertension. It is a sympatolytic agent acting directly on the peripheral and central nerve terminals. Reserpine has important side effects, notably depression, peptic ulcer, and hypersensitivity to the alkaloid[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Cabucine, a methoxyheteroyohimbine derivative, also has sympatolytic activity, but with minimal side effects[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Yohimbine has also been isolated; it has aphrodisiac properties[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The plant contains a white latex[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. No reports of uses have been seen[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Petchia+madagascariensis>

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