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Useful Tropical Plants

Periandra mediterranea

(Vell.) Taub.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Glycyrrhiza mediterranea Vell.

Periandra angulata Benth.

Periandra angustifolia Benth.

Periandra dulcis Mart. ex Benth.

Periandra mucronata Benth.

Periandra racemosa Benth.

Common Name: Brazilian Liquorice

Periandra mediterranea
Flowering stem
Photograph by: Mauricio Mercadante
Creative Commons License
Periandra mediterranea Periandra mediterranea Periandra mediterranea Periandra mediterranea

General Information

Periandra mediterranea is an evergreen shrub growing about 3 metres tall[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].
The sweet-flavoured root is gathered from the wild for local medicinal use[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. A very ornamental plant, it is worthy of being grown in gardens[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].
Periandra mediterranea has a wide area of distribution, is known to occur within the protected areas network, and is not considered to be threatened. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia.

Habitat

Found in a range of habitats including cerrado, brejo, mata vegetation, rocky slopes, grassland and low woodland; at elevations up to 800 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height2.50 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations from 600 - 1,500 metres or more.

Edible Uses

The roots are used as a substitute for liquorice (Glycorrhiza spp.)[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. A sweet flavour, it can be used as a flavouring, made into sweetmeats or a herbal tea[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

The root is considered in Brazil to be an excellent alternative to the true liquorice, Glycyrrhiza spp. It is considered to be antiinflammatory, expectorant, resolvent[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. It is used in the treatment of pulmonary complaints, diseases of the urinary system, inflammations of the womb[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].
Research has shown that the plant is a potent antiinflammatory, with little adverse effect compared to true liquorice (Glycyrrhiza spp.). It is expected to be an effective remedy for inflammatory diseases including multiple sclerosis. The active ingredients responsible for this activity have not been demonstrated yet, but are likely to include saponins such as periandrdulcin A, B and C, plus periandrins[
470
Title
Antiinflammatory Activities of Brazilian Licorice (Periandra mediterranea) Extract. Journal Traditional Medicine 21.
Publication
 
Author
Miyagawa N.: Inami Y.: Nakayama T.: Inuma M.: Inagaki N.
Publisher
Journal of Traditional Medicine
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An article on the medicinal uses of Periandra mediterranea.
].

Other Uses

Although small, the wood is sometimes used for making doors[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Periandra+mediterranea>

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