We are following the treatment in 'A taxonomic revision of Passiflora subgenus Decaloba (Passifloraceae) in Brazil'[
], which is accepted by the on-line Flora do Brasil 2020 (http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/floradobrasil/FB123052 Accessed on: 26 Jun. 2019). Some other treatments place this taxon as a synonym of Passiflora organensis Gardner (treated here as a synonym of Passiflora porophylla).
Cieca porophylla (Vell.) M.Roem.
Decaloba obtusa (Vell.) M.Roem.
Decaloba organensis (Gardner.) M.Roem.
Passiflora glaucescens Killip.
Passiflora maculifolia Mast.
Passiflora organensis Gardner
Passiflora pertusa Vell.
Passiflora rubra Vell.
Common Name: Nensi
Passiflora porophylla is an evergreen climbing shrub. Its shoots scramble over the ground or clamber into other plants, attaching themselves by means of coiling tendrils[
The edible fruit is a popular food and it is commonly harvested from the wild for local use and trade. The plant also has a range of medicinal applications and is often grown as an ornamental[
S. America - eastern Brazil
Dense rainforest, semi-deciduous forest and savannah, usually in localities associated with roadsides, transition vegetation, and the presence of rivers[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Very tolerant of a range of environmental conditions, so long as the temperature does not fall below 10°c[
]. Plants require a temperature no lower than around 16°c when they are flowering in order to ensure fruit set[
An easily grown plant, it requires a humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil and a position in dappled shade where it can grow up towards the sun[
]. Prefers a circumneutral soil, disliking very acid or very alkaline conditions[
]. Passiflora species tend to flower and fruit more freely when grown in soils of only moderate fertility[
Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut back to ground level if required to rejuvenate the plant[
]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
Fruit - a sweet flavour, they are eaten raw or used to make drinks[
]. The pulp surrounding the seeds is eaten. The round fruits have a yellow pulp and a special flavour[
]. They are much in demand in parts of Brazil for making pastries[
]. The black or purple, globose to subglobose fruit is about 10 - 24mm long and 10 - 21mm in diameter[
The leaves are laxative and diuretic[
The leaves and roots of some, if not all, members of this genus contain a substance called 'passiflorina' which has similaritiesr to morphine and is an effective tranquilizer[
]. We have no specific information for this species but many species are used in herbal infusions to calm the nerves and help bring about a restful sleep[
The leaves of many species are also considered to be anthelmintic, antihysteric and diaphoretic. They are used in Brazil to combat intermittent fevers, cutaneous inflammations, and erysipelas[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe along with the pulp which will help break down the seed coat and speed up germination[
]. Stored seed should be soaked for 24 hours in warm water and germination time can be reduced if the seed is then mixed with the juice of a fresh passion fruit (of any species)[
]. Even so, it can take 12 months for stored seed to germinate[
]. Place the seed tray in a shady position, maintaining a temperature around 19 - 24°c[
]. Prick the seedlings out into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[
Cuttings of young shoots, taken at the nodes. The cuttings root best in a neutral to slightly acid compost, but 100% sharp sand also produces good results[
Cuttings of fully mature wood taken at a node. They can take 3 months, but there is usually a high percentage[
Layering. Very easy[
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