The entry in medicinal uses was recorded for Passiflora salvadorensis, which has subsequently been reduced from species status to a varietal status of Passiflora jorullensis as Passiflora jorullensis var salvadorensis (Donn.Sm.) J.M.MacDougal [
Cieca trisetosa (DC.) M.Roem.
Decaloba jorullensis (Kunth) M.Roem.
Passiflora medusaea Lem.
Passiflora salvadorensis Donn.Sm.
Passiflora trisetosa DC.
Close-up of the leaf
Photograph by: Hans B.
Photograph by: Hans B.
Drawing of the flowers and leaves
Passiflora jorullensis is a slender, climbing plant producing shoots 2 - 8 metres long that scramble over the ground, or clamber into the surrounding vegetation, supporting themselves by means of coiling tendrils[
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use.
Central America - Mexico, El Salvador.
Subdeciduous or tropical deciduous forests at elevations of 150 - 1,000 metres, occasionally to 1,600 metres in montane moist forests[
Passiflora species generally grow best in a sheltered, sunny position or in dappled shade. Most species are found in the wild in moist but well-drained soils, generally of a lighter texture, and will often flower and fruit more heavily if the soil fertility is low. They often develop deep roots and can be moderately tolerant of dry spells. Most Passiflora species prefer a neutral to slightly alkaline soil, growing best where the pH is around 6. 5 - 7.5[
Unlike most other Passiflora, the flowers of this species last for two days rather than one.
The black, globose fruit is around 10mm in diameter[
]. There are no reports regarding edibility, though the fruits of most, if not all Passiflora species are more or less edible when fully ripe[
]. There are reports, however, for a few species, that the unripe fruit can be unwholesome.
The leaves are used locally as a diuretic[
]. (recorded for Passiflora jorullensis salvadorensis)
The leaves and roots of some, if not all, members of this genus contain a substance called 'passiflorina' which has similaritiesr to morphine and is an effective tranquilizer[
]. We have no specific information for this species but many species are used in herbal infusions to calm the nerves and help bring about a restful sleep[
The leaves of many species are also considered to be anthelmintic, antihysteric and diaphoretic. They are used in Brazil to combat intermittent fevers, cutaneous inflammations, and erysipelas[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe along with the pulp which will help break down the seed coat and speed up germination[
]. Stored seed should be soaked for 24 hours in warm water and germination time can be reduced if the seed is then mixed with the juice of a fresh passion fruit (of any species)[
]. Even so, it can take 12 months for stored seed to germinate[
]. Place the seed tray in a shady position, maintaining a temperature around 19 - 24°c[
]. Prick the seedlings out into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[
Cuttings of young shoots, taken at the nodes. The cuttings root best in a neutral to slightly acid compost, but 100% sharp sand also produces good results[
Cuttings of fully mature wood taken at a node. They can take 3 months[
Layering. Very easy[
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