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Useful Tropical Plants

Passiflora adenopoda

DC.

Passifloraceae

+ Synonyms

Ceratosepalum micranthum Oerst.

Ceratosepalum parviflorum Mast.

Dysosmia acerifolia (Schltdl. & Cham.) M.Roem.

Passiflora acerifolia Schltdl. & Cham

Passiflora aspera Sessé & Moc.

Passiflora ceratosepala Mast.

Passiflora scabra Sessé & Moc.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Passiflora adenopoda is a perennial climbing plant with stems that become somewhat woody at the base; The stems can grow 4 - 10 metres long, occasionally reaching 15 metres, and are up to 25mm in diameter. The stems scramble over the ground, climbing into nearby vegetation for support and attaching themselves by means of tendrils[
1171
Title
Flora del Bajío y de Regiones Adyacentes
Publication
 
Author
Jerzy Rzedowski & Graciela Calderón de Rzedowski (Editors)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Instituto de Ecología A.C. Centro Regional del Bajío; Mexico
Year
0
ISBN
0188-5170
Description
Spanish-language flora of northwestern Mexico. It can be downloaded from the Internet
,
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1171
Title
Flora del Bajío y de Regiones Adyacentes
Publication
 
Author
Jerzy Rzedowski & Graciela Calderón de Rzedowski (Editors)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Instituto de Ecología A.C. Centro Regional del Bajío; Mexico
Year
0
ISBN
0188-5170
Description
Spanish-language flora of northwestern Mexico. It can be downloaded from the Internet
,
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

S. America - Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama northwards to central Mexico

Habitat

Moist to wet pre-montane to montane tropical and mixed forest, growing along forest edges and in secondary growth areas, often climbing through small trees or covering thickets, but sometimes persisting in a low secondary canopy[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
HabitClimber
Height7.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Passiflora species generally grow best in a sheltered, sunny position or in dappled shade. Most species are found in the wild in moist but well-drained soils, generally of a lighter texture, and will often flower and fruit more heavily if the soil fertility is low. They often develop deep roots and can be moderately tolerant of dry spells. Most Passiflora species prefer a neutral to slightly alkaline soil, growing best where the pH is around 6. 5 - 7.5[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
Plants flower and fruit irregularly throughout the year, but mainly towards the end of the wet season[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
]. The flesh of the fruit is whitish, with orange, sweet-flavoured, somewhat translucent arils 15 - 17mm long[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The broadly ellipsoid to slightly obovoid, purple fruit is around 45 - 65mm long and 35 - 55mm in diameter[
1171
Title
Flora del Bajío y de Regiones Adyacentes
Publication
 
Author
Jerzy Rzedowski & Graciela Calderón de Rzedowski (Editors)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Instituto de Ecología A.C. Centro Regional del Bajío; Mexico
Year
0
ISBN
0188-5170
Description
Spanish-language flora of northwestern Mexico. It can be downloaded from the Internet
]. Although green fruits can appear to be mature, the fruit is not fully mature until the skin has turned purple[
1674
Title
Revision of Passiflora Subgenus Decaloba Section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae)
Publication
Systematic Botany Monographs, Vol 41 pp 1 - 146, 1994
Author
MacDougal J.M.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25027834
Publisher
American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The plant is used in traditional medicine[
1171
Title
Flora del Bajío y de Regiones Adyacentes
Publication
 
Author
Jerzy Rzedowski & Graciela Calderón de Rzedowski (Editors)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Instituto de Ecología A.C. Centro Regional del Bajío; Mexico
Year
0
ISBN
0188-5170
Description
Spanish-language flora of northwestern Mexico. It can be downloaded from the Internet
].

The leaves and roots of some, if not all, members of this genus contain a substance called 'passiflorina' which has similaritiesr to morphine and is an effective tranquilizer[
1677
Title
Dicionário das Plantas Úteis do Basil e das Exóticas Cultivadas Vol. 5
Publication
 
Author
Corrêa M. Pio & Penna L. de Azeredo
Publisher
Ministério da Agricultura; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in six volumes, first published in the 1920's and revised in the 1970's. Written in Portuguese.
]. We have no specific information for this species but many species are used in herbal infusions to calm the nerves and help bring about a restful sleep[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
The leaves of many species are also considered to be anthelmintic, antihysteric and diaphoretic. They are used in Brazil to combat intermittent fevers, cutaneous inflammations, and erysipelas[
1677
Title
Dicionário das Plantas Úteis do Basil e das Exóticas Cultivadas Vol. 5
Publication
 
Author
Corrêa M. Pio & Penna L. de Azeredo
Publisher
Ministério da Agricultura; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1978
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in six volumes, first published in the 1920's and revised in the 1970's. Written in Portuguese.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe along with the pulp which will help break down the seed coat and speed up germination[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
]. Stored seed should be soaked for 24 hours in warm water and germination time can be reduced if the seed is then mixed with the juice of a fresh passion fruit (of any species)[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
]. Even so, it can take 12 months for stored seed to germinate[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
]. Place the seed tray in a shady position, maintaining a temperature around 19 - 24°c[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
]. Prick the seedlings out into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
Cuttings of young shoots, taken at the nodes. The cuttings root best in a neutral to slightly acid compost, but 100% sharp sand also produces good results[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
Cuttings of fully mature wood taken at a node. They can take 3 months, but there is usually a high percentage[
3
Title
Growing Unusual Fruit.
Publication
 
Author
Simmons. A. E.
Publisher
David & Charles; Newton Abbot.
Year
1972
ISBN
0-7153-5531-7
Description
A very readable book with information on about 100 species that can be grown in Britain (some in greenhouses) and details on how to grow and use them.
].
Layering. Very easy[
262
Title
Passion Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Vanderplank. J.
Publisher
Cassell. London.
Year
1991
ISBN
0-304-34076-6
Description
An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
].
Air layering.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-02-29. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Passiflora+adenopoda>

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