Balantium cordifolium Desv. ex Ham.
Dugortia nucamentosa J.F.Gmel.
Ferolia campestris (Aubl.) Kuntze
Petrocarya campestris (Aubl.) Willd.
Parinari campestris is a tree growing around 25 metres tall with low, thick buttresses up to 1.5 metres tall[
]. The cylindrical bole is 12 - 15 metres long[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit and seed, which are used locally. The useful wood is also harvested and traded.
S. America - Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; Caribbean - Trinidad.
Rain, marsh and savannah forests, where it is locally abundant on old, high ridges[
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]. A pleasant flavour[
]. The fruit is 4 - 6cm x 2 - 3cm, with a thin, sour tasting flesh[
]. Sweet tasting[
Thee thick, brown indumentum (coat of hairs) on the stem is mixed with sweet oil and then applied as a poultice to hasten expulsion of filaria worms from an infected leg[
The heartwood is light brown, not clearly defined and somewhat darker than the sapwood, which is about 40mm wide[
]. The lustre is medium; the grain usually straight, sometimes slightly interlocked; the texture fine[
]. The wood contains a high amount of silica[
The wood is difficult to machine because of its high density and high silica content, dulling cutting edges rapidly[
]. Smooth surfaces can be obtained in planing, boring and sawing operations if tools are properly maintained. Takes only a fair polish. Nails poorly -pre-boring necessary to prevent splitting. Turns badly. Resistant to marine borers and insect attack[
]. The wood is useful for marine constructions[
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