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Useful Tropical Plants

Pandanus tectorius

R.Br.

Pandanaceae


A very variable species that has at times been divided into a large number of closely related species.

+ Synonyms

Corypha laevis (Lour.) A.Chev.

Pandanus absonus H.St.John

Pandanus adscendens H.St.John

Pandanus aequor H.St.John

Pandanus aitutakiensis H.St.John

Pandanus akiakiensis H.St.John

Pandanus ala-kai Martelli

Pandanus amplexus H.St.John

Pandanus angulosus H.St.John

Pandanus anisos H.St.John

Pandanus aoraiensis H.St.John

Pandanus apionops H.St.John

Pandanus asauensis H.St.John

Pandanus ater H.St.John

Pandanus baptistii Misonne

Pandanus bassus H.St.John

Pandanus bathys H.St.John

Pandanus benignus H.St.John

Pandanus bergmanii F.Br.

Pandanus bicurvatus H.St.John

Pandanus blakei H.St.John

Pandanus boraboraensis H.St.John

Pandanus bothreus H.St.John

Pandanus bowenensis H.St.John

Pandanus brachypodus Kaneh.

Pandanus brownii H.St.John

Pandanus cacuminatus H.St.John

Pandanus carolinensis Martelli

Pandanus chamissonis Gaudich.

Pandanus charancanus Kaneh.

Pandanus christophersenii H.St.John

Pandanus collatus H.St.John

Pandanus complanatus H.St.John

Pandanus cooperi (Martelli) H.St.John

Pandanus coronatus Martelli

Pandanus crassiaculeatus H.St.John

Pandanus crassus H.St.John

Pandanus crustatus Martelli

Pandanus cylindricus Kaneh.

Pandanus cymatilis H.St.John

Pandanus decorus K.Koch

Pandanus dicheres H.St.John

Pandanus dilatatus Kaneh.

Pandanus distinctus Martelli

Pandanus divaricatus H.St.John

Pandanus divergens Kaneh.

Pandanus dotyi H.St.John

Pandanus douglasii Gaudich.

Pandanus drakei H.St.John

Pandanus drolletianus Martelli

Pandanus duriocarpoides Kaneh.

Pandanus duriocarpus Martelli

Pandanus edwinii H.St.John

Pandanus elevatus H.St.John

Pandanus enchabiensis Kaneh.

Pandanus erythrophloeus Kaneh.

Pandanus evexus H.St.John

Pandanus extralittoralis H.St.John

Pandanus eyesyes Kaneh.

Pandanus fahina H.St.John

Pandanus faramaa H.St.John

Pandanus fatuhivaensis H.St.John

Pandanus fatyanion (Kaneh.) Hosok.

Pandanus ferulifer H.St.John

Pandanus filiciatilis H.St.John

Pandanus fischerianus Martelli

Pandanus flintinsularis H.St.John

Pandanus fragrans Gaudich.

Pandanus futunaensis H.St.John

Pandanus gambierensis H.St.John

Pandanus glomerosus H.St.John

Pandanus grantii H.St.John

Pandanus guamensis Martelli

Pandanus haapaiensis H.St.John

Pandanus hendersonensis H.St.John

Pandanus heronensis H.St.John

Pandanus hivaoaensis H.St.John

Pandanus horneinsularum H.St.John

Pandanus hosinoi Kaneh.

Pandanus hosokawae Kaneh.

Pandanus houmaensis H.St.John

Pandanus hubbardii H.St.John

Pandanus humericus H.St.John

Pandanus inarmatus H.St.John

Pandanus inermis Roxb.

Pandanus inflexus H.St.John

Pandanus infundibuliformis H.St.John

Pandanus insularis Kaneh.

Pandanus interior H.St.John

Pandanus intralaevis H.St.John

Pandanus jaluitensis Kaneh.

Pandanus jonesii (F.Br.) H.St.John

Pandanus kafu Martelli

Pandanus kamptos H.St.John

Pandanus katensis F.Br.

Pandanus koidzumii Hosok.

Pandanus korrensis Kaneh.

Pandanus kraussii H.St.John

Pandanus kusaiensis Kaneh.

Pandanus laculatus H.St.John

Pandanus laevis Lour.

Pandanus lakatwa Kaneh.

Pandanus lambasaensis H.St.John

Pandanus laticanaliculatus Kaneh.

Pandanus latior H.St.John

Pandanus lauensis H.St.John

Pandanus licinus H.St.John

Pandanus limitaris H.St.John

Pandanus littoralis Jungh.

Pandanus longifolius H.L.Wendl.

Pandanus macfarlanei Martelli

Pandanus macrocephalus Kaneh.

Pandanus makateaensis H.St.John

Pandanus malatensis Blanco

Pandanus mangarevaensis H.St.John

Pandanus mariaensis H.St.John

Pandanus marquesasensis H.St.John

Pandanus matukuensis H.St.John

Pandanus mbalawa H.St.John

Pandanus meetiaensis H.St.John

Pandanus mei F.Br.

Pandanus mendanensis Martelli

Pandanus menne Kaneh.

Pandanus menziesii Gaudich.

Pandanus metius H.St.John

Pandanus minysocephalus H.St.John

Pandanus montaguei H.St.John

Pandanus mooreaensis H.St.John

Pandanus moschatus Miq.

Pandanus moschatus Rumph. ex Voigt

Pandanus motuensis H.St.John

Pandanus nandiensis H.St.John

Pandanus niueensis H.St.John

Pandanus notialis H.St.John

Pandanus oblatiapicalis H.St.John

Pandanus oblaticonvexus H.St.John

Pandanus obliquus Kaneh.

Pandanus odontoides Hosok

Pandanus okamotoi Kaneh.

Pandanus onoilauensis H.St.John

Pandanus orarius H.St.John

Pandanus otemanuensis H.St.John

Pandanus ovalauensis H.St.John

Pandanus pachys H.St.John

Pandanus pakari H.St.John

Pandanus palkilensis Hosok

Pandanus palmyraensis H.St.John

Pandanus pansus H.St.John

Pandanus paogo H.St.John

Pandanus papeariensis Martelli

Pandanus papenooensis H.St.John

Pandanus parhamii H.St.John

Pandanus parksii H.St.John

Pandanus patulior H.St.John

Pandanus pedunculatus R.Br.

Pandanus planus H.St.John

Pandanus politus Martelli

Pandanus ponapensis Martelli

Pandanus prismaticus Martelli

Pandanus prolixus H.St.John

Pandanus pseudomenne Hosok.

Pandanus pulposus (Warb.) Martelli

Pandanus pusillus H.St.John

Pandanus pyriformis (Martelli) H.St.John

Pandanus radiatus H.St.John

Pandanus raiateaensis H.St.John

Pandanus raivavaensis Martelli

Pandanus raroiaensis H.St.John

Pandanus rectangulatus Kaneh.

Pandanus repens Miq.

Pandanus rhizophorensis H.St.John

Pandanus rhombocarpus Kaneh.

Pandanus rikiteaensis H.St.John

Pandanus rimataraensis H.St.John

Pandanus rockii Martelli

Pandanus rotensis Hosok.

Pandanus rotundatus Kaneh.

Pandanus rurutuensis H.St.John

Pandanus sabotan Blanco

Pandanus saipanensis Kaneh.

Pandanus saltuarius H.St.John

Pandanus samak Hassk.

Pandanus samoanus (Martelli) H.St.John

Pandanus sanderi Sander

Pandanus savaiensis (Martelli) H.St.John

Pandanus schizocarpus F.Br.

Pandanus seruaensis H.St.John

Pandanus sinuosus H.St.John

Pandanus sinuvadosus H.St.John

Pandanus smithii H.St.John

Pandanus spurius (Willd.) Miq.

Pandanus stradbrookeensis H.St.John

Pandanus subaequalis H.St.John

Pandanus subhumerosus H.St.John

Pandanus subradiatus H.St.John

Pandanus suvaensis (Martelli) H.St.John

Pandanus sykesii H.St.John

Pandanus taepa (F.Br.) H.St.John

Pandanus tahaaensis H.St.John

Pandanus tahitensis Martelli

Pandanus takaroaensis H.St.John

Pandanus tamaruensis J.W.Moore

Pandanus tapeinos H.St.John

Pandanus taravaiensis H.St.John

Pandanus tauensis Martelli

Pandanus temehaniensis J.W.Moore

Pandanus terrireginae H.St.John

Pandanus tessellatus Martelli

Pandanus tikeiensis H.St.John

Pandanus tima H.St.John

Pandanus timoeensis H.St.John

Pandanus tolotomensis Glassman

Pandanus tomilensis Kaneh.

Pandanus tongaensis H.St.John

Pandanus trapaneus H.St.John

Pandanus tritosphaericus H.St.John

Pandanus trukensis Kaneh.

Pandanus tuamotensis F.Br.

Pandanus tubuaiensis Martelli

Pandanus tupaiensis H.St.John

Pandanus uea H.St.John

Pandanus utiyamae Kaneh.

Pandanus vahitahiensis H.St.John

Pandanus vandra H.St.John

Pandanus variegates Miq.

Pandanus veitchii Mast.

Pandanus virginalis H.St.John

Pandanus viri H.St.John

Pandanus viridinsularis H.St.John

Pandanus volkensii Kaneh.

Pandanus wilderi H.St.John

Pandanus yorkensis H.St.John

Pandanus yunckeri H.St.John

Common Name: Screwpine

Pandanus tectorius
Plant growing in native habitat. Note the prop roots
Photograph by: Fagg, M.
Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens
Pandanus tectorius Pandanus tectorius Pandanus tectorius Pandanus tectorius Pandanus tectorius Pandanus tectorius

General Information

Pandanus tectorius is a small, often multi-stemmed, evergreen tree with conspicuous prop roots and prickly stems[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
]. It usually grows around 3 - 7 metres tall, occasionally to 14 metres. Sword-like leaves that can be 1 metre long grow in clusters at the top of the tree and ends of branches[
354
Title
Plants of Guam
Publication
 
Author
Moore P.H. & McMakin P.
Website
http://university.uog.edu/cals/people/POG/scipn.htm
Publisher
University of Guam.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details, usually with a photo, of plants native to the island of Guam, often together with some information on their uses. An online version is available.
,
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
,
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].
A multipurpose plant, it is very important in the economy of local people where the fruit is often a staple food. Various parts of the plant are edible, it also supplies a wide range of materials and has various medicinal applications. It is commonly harvested from the wild and is also often cultivated - a wide range of cultivated forms have been developed. Products from the plant are often traded in local markets and beyond[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. The plant is also often grown as an ornamental in many areas of the tropics[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
,
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].
Pandanus tectorius is widespread in Southeast Asia and island nations of the Pacific Ocean. It is present on many atolls where it is an important multipurpose tree. The species is widespread and no major threats are recorded.The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The seeds can contain calcium oxalate crystals, which irritate the mouth. These can be removed by cooking and straining the seeds[
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia and throughout the Pacific Islands.

Habitat

Sandy soils by the coast[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. Usually forming a more or less dense stand immediately to the back of the beach, and never found very far inland[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
,
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height7.00 m
Growth RateMedium
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Pandanus tectorius is a plant of lowland humid and subhumid tropical climates, rarely found above an elevation of 20 metres in the wild but cultivated at elevations up to 600 metres[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
,
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. It is found in areas where the mean annual temperature ranges from 24 - 28°c, the mean temperature of the hottest month is 28 - 36°c and that of the coldest month is 17 - 25°c[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. The minimum temperature experienced in its native range iss 12°c[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
], though one report says that it can tolerate occasional temperatures down to almost freezing[
377
Title
Trade Winds Fruit
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The on-line catalogue of a company selling seeds. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals.
]. Mean annual rainfall varies from 1,500 - 4,000mm, with no dry season or a short dry season of 2 - 3 months[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
Succeeds in sun or partial shade, preferring a moist but well-drained soil in a sunny position[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
,
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
]. It is adapted to an extraordinarily wide range of light to heavy­textured soil types, including brackish/saline soils, light­coloured, infertile coralline atoll sands, alkaline sands, thin soils over limestone, and peaty swamps[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. Grows well in sandy soils[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. Does well in poor or highly alkaline soils[
377
Title
Trade Winds Fruit
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The on-line catalogue of a company selling seeds. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals.
]. Tolerant of a pH range from 6 - 10[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. Plants are very tolerant of maritime exposure, including buffeting from moderate to severe tropical cyclones[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. Established plants can tolerate droughts of 3 - 6 months and will continue to fruit, and are also tolerant of extended periods of soil waterlogging[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
Plants grown from seed can take 20 years to reach sexual maturity. For their first 4 - 9 years they have a juvenile, semi-prostrate phase, then comes 5 - 12 years of erect trunk growth before flowering commences. Plants can remain productive for another 40 - 60 years or more[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
Plants grown from cuttings can commence fruiting in 4 to 6 years. Fruiting can continue for another 20 - 25 years[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
,
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
].
Fruits take about 12 months to mature after fertilization[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
Branches do not have dormant buds and so will not resprout if cut back into the old wood[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required.

Edible Uses

Fruit - a staple food in parts of the Pacific[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. Some forms have been selected for their low content of calcium oxalate crystals, and these can safely be eaten raw[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. Other forms need to be cooked in order to destroy the calcium oxalate crystals[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
]. The fruit has an excellent flavour[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
] and is very fragrant[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. The fruit can be used to make a juice, or it can be cooked as a jam[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. It can be dried and made into flour, a paste or as thin, flat cakes[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. The paste is often make in large quantities in order to provide a supply al year round[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
The juice made from the fruit is sweet and slightly acid with a pungent flavour[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. It is produced on a commercial basis in the Marshall Islands[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
The ovoid fruit is about 18cm in diameter[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. The cylindrical fruit is a syncarp made up of 40 - 80 individual drupes[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
,
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. Individual drupes are hard, orange woody wedges 5 - 10cm long - each containing a few, slender seeds[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
]. Each wedge has a fleshy base imbued with a sweet-smelling, orange pulp with a flavour like sweet, mashed pumpkin[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
].

Seed - raw or cooked[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
,
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. A delicious nutty flavour when eaten raw or cooked, though they are fiddly to extract[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
]. Seeds contain 44 - 50% fat and 20 - 34% protein[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
]. The seeds of the related Pandanus dubius are larger and are more commonly eaten[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

Terminal buds - raw[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. Used like the apical buds of palm trees, they can be cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
].

Inner base of young leaves - raw[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
], or cooked as a vegetable.

Kewra water, which is a watery extract distilled from the male flowers, is used as a flavouring in desserts and drinks[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
,
352
Title
KemperCentreForHomeGardeningPlantFinder
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic cultivation details, plant uses, habitat etc for several thousand species of plants, mainly from the temperate zone.
].

Aerial roots - cooked[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. They can be processed into a beverage[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
].

Flowers[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. The flower buds are eaten as a vegetable[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Pollen[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
].

Medicinal

The aerial roots yield a decoction that is used as a beverage in the treatment of blennorrhoea[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
]. This decoction, combined with urethral injections of the sap of the base of the banana plant, is said to be a rapid cure for this malady[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
].

The bark is scraped in Zingiber leaf and the juice extracted into a cup. This liquid is drunk as a sedative for patients with mental health problems[
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
].

A decoction of the roots is used to treat haemorrhoids[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
A small portion of the young root is heated over a fire then crushed on a smooth stone - the extracted juice is applied to the bites or wounds caused by any fish, beings said to ease the pain and promote healing[
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
].

The leaves, especially the basal white section of young leaves, are used in treatments for cold/flu, hepatitis, dysuria, asthma, boils and cancer[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

The male flowers are said to have aphrodisiac properties[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Pandanus tectorius has a wide range of applications in agroforestry and perennial gardens. It is very tolerant of strong, salt-laden winds and can be used near the coast to provide protection for other food crops. In addition, it will succeed on sand dunes and is planted there to stabilize the dunes[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
The plant can also be used as a living fence or hedge to mark boundaries etc[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].
Pandanus works well in ally cropping systems, where it also serves to protect the other crops from the wind[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
The plant produces a good bulk of organic matter and are known to raise fertility and organic matter levels in sandy, coralline soils. The leaves are often used as a mulch or for producing compost[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

Other Uses

The leaves are used to make a wide range of products, including hats, mats, baskets, clothing, sails etc[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
,
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. There is a thornless variety that is used to produce fibres for thatch, cordage etc[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].
The chief use of this plant is in the production of the fibre used in manufacturing sabutan hats. Hats made of sabutan
are strong and durable, and in texture more nearly resemble the Panama hat than any other kind manufactured in the Philippines[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
]. The unbleached hats are a light green colour, and the chief objection to them is that they do not bleach readily. Good sabutan hats, however, command high prices in the Philippines[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
].
Sleeping mats of excellent quality are made from sabutan fibres either in natural or dyed shades[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
].

The leaves are used to weave traditional floor mats, as well as in the construction of traditional houses (thatch for walls and roofing). A roof made from pandanus leaves is said to last about 15 years, while one of coconut leaves may last only 3 years[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

The roots are made into skipping ropes and basket handles[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
String or cordage is made from the cleaned and dried prop roots[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

An extract of the fruit is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic preparations as a humectant[
1243
Title
CosIng
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.
].

A material (resin/gum?) obtained from the trunk is used as a glue and as a caulking for boats[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

When the flesh is removed from the inner end end of a dried fruit section, fibrous bristles are exposed. These can be used as a brush, with the hard, woody outer end acting as a handle[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
A brush can be made by beating the tips of aerial roots to expose the fibres - the base of the root can be used as a handle[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

A black dye used in weaving is prepared from the roots[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

Charcoal made from pandanus is used in various mixtures to dye and waterproof canoes[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

An essential oil is obtained from the male flowers. It is used in perfumery, cosmetics, hair oils, soaps etc[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].
The highly fragrant male flowers are used as a decoration and to scent coconut oil[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
An exquisite, uniquely Pacific perfume is made from the aromatic fruits of selected traditional cultivated varieties[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].

The leaves are used for wrapping cigars whereas flowers are taken as tobacco substitute[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

The trunks are used in the construction of traditional houses and also for making ladders and as the masts of traditional canoes[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. The soft trunks have been used for making fishing rafts[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
]. Their wood is used for making various small items[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
The trunks of male trees are hard and solid, with a yellow interior containing dark brown fibre bundles. The male wood is very strong, but brittle, meaning that it can suddenly break under a heavy load. It is also a difficult wood to split[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
Trunks of female trees are hard on the outside, but soft, pithy, or juicy in the interior[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
]. They have been used as water pipes after removing the soft interior[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
Slats made from the clean, dried aerial/prop roots are used for walls of houses and food cupboards[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
The discarded, dried woody fruit sections are highly prized as a fuelwood for cooking because they are slow burning and therefore preferred for barbecues[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
].
The trunk and branches are also occasionally used as fuelwood, but generally only where other fuelwood is scarce[
312
Title
Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands
Publication
 
Author
Elevitch. Craig. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hawaii
Year
2006
ISBN
0970254458
Description
Beautifully produced book with superb photos and detailed information on over 50 species of useful plants of the Pacific Islands.
],

Propagation

Seed - pre-soak for 24 hours[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. To speed germination, soak the drupes in cool tap water for 5 days, changing the water every day[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. Viable drupes will float, so do not discard them[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. Alternatively, remove the fleshy part of the drupe, laying it on the planting medium, and burying it half way[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. Keep the potting mix moist. Germination takes about 2 months[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
].
Suckers during the growing season.
Cuttings of lateral shoots.
Plants can be propagated from large cuttings[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. Stems with aerial or prop roots are selected; about 2/3 of the leaves are trimmed off to reduce water loss; and the stems rooted in a sandy soil[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-01-28. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pandanus+tectorius>

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