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Useful Tropical Plants

Pandanus leram

Jones

Pandanaceae

+ Synonyms

Pandanus indicus (Gaudich.) Warb.

Pandanus mellori Boden-Kloss

Pandanus millore Roxb.

Roussinia indica Gaudich.

Common Name: Nicobar Breadfruit

Pandanus leram

General Information

Pandanus leram is an evergreen tree growing around 12 - 16 metres tall. A number of robust, aerial prop roots are produced from the main stam. The sword-shaped leaves are up to 200cm long and 6 - 8cm wide at their base - they are produced in clusters near the apices of the branches[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is gathered from the wild for local use as a food and a source of materials. It is an important plant for the local people of Nicobar Island, where the oil-rich fruit is used as a staple food[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - Nicobar and Andaman Islands to Indonesia (Sumatera, Java).

Habitat

Coastal areas[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. Found in low swampy areas away from the seashore in lowlands and along water courses where the soil is moist and heavy[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height14.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropical lowlands[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
], found in areas where the temperature ranges from 22°c - 32°c, with a mean relative humidity of about 82% and the annual rainfall ranges from 3,000 - 3,900 mm[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Species in this genus generally grow well in most moist, well-dained soils and a sunny position[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
]. This species is often found in the wild growing in moist, heavy soils, where it is often the dominant vegetation[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Branches do not have dormant buds and so will not resprout if cut back into the old wood[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required.

Edible Uses

Fruit - cooked[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. Rich in carbohydrates, it is boiled in water for 1 - 2 hours then scooped off and prepared into various dishes or pressed into cakes for later use[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. The flavour of the mass thus prepared strongly resembles that of apple marmalade. Traditionally, the fruit mass is covered with thick layers of the leaves of Macaranga nicobarica and cooked for 1 - 2 hours before being scooped off. It is mixed with various other food ingredients like pig fat and sugar in order to prepare different types of dishes[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
,
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
,
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The globose compound fruit (cephalium) consists of many, wedge-shaped fruitlets, each made up of a number of hard, woody, individual drupes[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
]. Each wedge has a fleshy base imbued with a sweet-smelling, orange pulp. This pulp is considered to be inedible when raw due to the presence of a deleterious substance[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Although no specific records have yet been seen for this species, most members of this genus also have more or less edible seeds and inner leaf bases[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
].
The seed often has a delicious nutty flavour when eaten raw or cooked, though it is fiddly to extract[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
]. Seeds contain 44 - 50% fat and 20 - 34% protein[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
].
Inner base of young leaves - raw[
193
Title
Wild Food Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Low. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson.
Year
1989
ISBN
0-207-14383-8
Description
Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast
].

Medicinal

The tender young leaves are pounded with coconut oil and rubbed on the body to remove fatigue[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Other Uses

The leaves are used for thatching, making mats etc[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The fibrous portions of the drupes are combed out into a kind of brush which is used for removing dust from the feet[
454
Title
Useful Fiber Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Dodge C.R.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1897
ISBN
 
Description
A rather dated, but very comprehensive catalogue of fibre plants from around the world. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The dried fruit with fibres are used as tooth brushes[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The dissected split leaves are made into brooms[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Propagation

Seed - best pre-soaked for 24 hours prior to sowing[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. This species propagates readily from seed[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Cuttings taken from side branches[
1827
Title
Pandanus leram
Publication
Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, pp131-133
Author
Lim T.K.
Website
http://10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2_18
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2022-10-07. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pandanus+leram>

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