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Useful Tropical Plants

Pandanus julianettii

Martelli

Pandanaceae


This species might only represent a cultivar or cultivar group descended from the wild species Pandanus brosimos. Another relative, Pandanus iIwen, which is reported to be cultivated in Papua New Guinea, might only be a cultivar of the so-called Pandanus brosimos/julianetti complex. The whole needs taxonomic revision[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Pandanus julianettii is an erect, evergreen shrub or small tree, often unbranched when young, becoming sparsely branched with age. It can reach a height of 1 - 20 metres. The prickly, sword-shaped leaves can be around 3 metres long, they are produed in clusters at the apices of the branches[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].
The plant is cultivated, semi-cultivated and harvested from the wild for its edible seeds, which have had a special significance for the nutrition of the native population of New Guinea[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. It is said to have significant commercial potential as a food crop[
1817
Title
South Pacific Indigenous Nuts. ACIAR Proceedings No 69
Publication
 
Author
Stevens M.L.; Bourke R.M. & Evans B.R.
Publisher
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research; Canbe
Year
1996
ISBN
1 86320 175 0
Description
Proceedings of a workshop held from 31 October to 4 November 1994 at Le Lagon Resort, Port Vila, Vanuatu.
]. Both this species, plus the related Pandanus brosimos and Pandanus antaresensis, have had an important role in the history of the human society of the highlands of New Guinea[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. The plant is also grown for the production of textile fibres[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Australasia - New Guinea.

Habitat

Elevations from 1,500 - 2,900 metres[
1819
Title
Ethnobotany of Wopkaimin Pandanus: Significant Papua New Guinea Plant Resource
Publication
Economic Botany, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1984), pp. 287-303
Author
Hyndman D.C.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4254642
Publisher
 
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height4.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Semi-cultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Pandanus julianettii is a plant of the humid tropics, where it is found at elevations from 1,700 - 2,900 metres[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Plants grow best in areas where the mean annual temperature is within the range 13 - 24°c, but are able to tolerate 6 - 30°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. They may tolerate temperatures as low as 0°c for short periods and down to 3°c for prolonged periods[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. They prefer a mean annual rainfall in the range 3,000 - 4,000mm, tolerating 2,500 - 4,000mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Succeeds in sunny positions and in light shade, growing best in forest clearings[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
]. Prefers a well-drained, humus-rich, light to medium soil[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 4.5 - 5.5, but tolerates 3.5 - 5.6[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Plants can be harvested for their fibre and fruit around 6 - 8 years from planting, with an economical life of 20 - 40 years and with a total lifespan of up to 70 years[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
1819
Title
Ethnobotany of Wopkaimin Pandanus: Significant Papua New Guinea Plant Resource
Publication
Economic Botany, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1984), pp. 287-303
Author
Hyndman D.C.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4254642
Publisher
 
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Plants require 90 - 120 days from flowering to fruiting and have no obvious seasonality[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Fruit production usually occurs every two ears[
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].
An average fruit can weigh about 6 kilos. It is about 25cm long and 20cm wide, containings about 1,000 separate nuts. After burning off the outside and removing the stalk, the weight is about 5 kilos. A single kernel weighs about 0.5g. The weight of edible kernels in a fruit is about 8% of the total fresh weight or about 0.5 kilos[
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].
This species has potential for commercial use[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].
Branches do not have dormant buds and so will not resprout if cut back into the old wood[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
]. However, plants are often propagated by means of cuttings - this works well on old trees with a number of branches since these trees tend to have smaller clusters of fruit because the fruit are competing on the same plant for their requirements Taking cuttings is also a form of pruning that improves the size of fruit clusters on the parent tree[
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruits and seed are required. Male forms of this species are rare[
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].

Edible Uses

Seeds - raw or cooked[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
1819
Title
Ethnobotany of Wopkaimin Pandanus: Significant Papua New Guinea Plant Resource
Publication
Economic Botany, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1984), pp. 287-303
Author
Hyndman D.C.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4254642
Publisher
 
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The seeds are oily and contain a fair amount of protein[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The shell is quite thin and can be cracked with the teeth[
1819
Title
Ethnobotany of Wopkaimin Pandanus: Significant Papua New Guinea Plant Resource
Publication
Economic Botany, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1984), pp. 287-303
Author
Hyndman D.C.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4254642
Publisher
 
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Fruit - cooked[
1819
Title
Ethnobotany of Wopkaimin Pandanus: Significant Papua New Guinea Plant Resource
Publication
Economic Botany, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1984), pp. 287-303
Author
Hyndman D.C.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4254642
Publisher
 
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Rich in oil The infructescence is a multiple fruit comprising several hundred seeds and known as a cephalium. The yellowish pulp (mesocarp) that forms in the centre of the cephalium is eaten[
1819
Title
Ethnobotany of Wopkaimin Pandanus: Significant Papua New Guinea Plant Resource
Publication
Economic Botany, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1984), pp. 287-303
Author
Hyndman D.C.
Website
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4254642
Publisher
 
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Sometimes the inner leaves and the tips of the aerial roots are eaten cooked[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A fibre obtained from the plant (?leaves) is used for making textiles[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Propagation

Seed - best pre-soaked for 24 hours prior to sowing[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. It can be slow to germinate.
Cuttings from the top section of a branch usually root well when planted in a moist, fertile, well-drained soil[
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pandanus+julianettii>

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