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Useful Tropical Plants

Pandanus gemmifer

H.St.John

Pandanaceae


Does this more properly belong with Pandanus monticola in the genus Benstonea?

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Pup Pandan

No Image.

General Information

Pandanus gemmifer is a spiny, evergreen tree with branches that are somewhat erect; it can grow up to 10 metres tall.
The trunk is up to 15cm in diameter, with scattered spiny conical nodules (warty) and well-developed prop roots 30 - 50cm long and 3 - 4cm wide. The sword-like leaves are up to 250cm long and5cm wide, spirally arranged in clusters near the branch apices[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
,
1821
Title
Revision of the Genus Pandanus Stickman, Part 9 Three New Pandanus Species from Queensland, Australia
Publication
Pacific Science Vol. 16, pp74-87 January 1962
Author
St.John H.
Publisher
 
Year
1962
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of materials

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1821
Title
Revision of the Genus Pandanus Stickman, Part 9 Three New Pandanus Species from Queensland, Australia
Publication
Pacific Science Vol. 16, pp74-87 January 1962
Author
St.John H.
Publisher
 
Year
1962
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Australia - northern Queensland

Habitat

Rain forest and vine thickets; at elevations from 10 - 760 metres[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
]

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Species in this genus generally grow well in most moist, well-dained soils and a sunny position[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
]
The plant produces axillary buds along the stems. The larger of these are easily detached from the stems and, when they fall to the ground will usually form roots and grow vigorously to develop into a new plant. By this means the species will often develop into thickets in the wild[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms are required if fruit and seed are required.

Edible Uses

The red fruit is about 20 - 25cm long and 10 - 18cm in diameter. It is a multiple fruit, comprised of about 30 - 40 segments (phalanges), each segment is around 30 - 60mm x 30 - 40mm and contains 8 - 17 spindle-shaped seeds each up to 15 x 4mm[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
]

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The leaves can be used to make Dilly (string) bags, sieve bags, mats, armbands and baskets[
156
Title
Useful Wild Plants in Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Cribb. A. B. and J. W.
Publisher
William Collins Pty Ltd. Sidney
Year
1981
ISBN
0-00-216441-8
Description
A very readable book.
].

Although we have seen no other specific records for this species, the leaves of most members of this genus are used locally for weaving a range of items such as mats, bags and baskets. The leaves, which are usually tough and fibrous, are long, narrow and sword-shaped and can easily be split into strips for weaving[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-05-28. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pandanus+gemmifer>

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