Bassia blancoi A.DC.
Bassia oleifera A.DC.
Chrysophyllum grandifolium Steud.
Chrysophyllum macrophyllum Desf
Chrysophyllum philippense Perr.
Dichopsis latifolia (Blanco) Fern.-Vill.
Dichopsis oleifera (Blanco) Fern.-Vill.
Madhuca philippensis (Perr.) Baehni
Palaquium aureum Elmer
Palaquium latifolium Blanco
Palaquium oleiferum Blanco
An illustration of the leaves and flowers
Photograph by: Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.) Flora de Filipinas
Palaquium philippense is an evergreen tree growing up to 25 metres tall with a bole about 80cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of oil. It has been cultivated as a fruit crop in trials[
]. The wood is harvested for local use and is also traded under the name 'Nyatoh'[
The tree is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(1998)[
Southeast Asia - Philippines.
Lowland primary forest[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
]. The oval fruit is about 3 - 4cm or more in length, containing a single seed[
The seeds are the source of a vegetable fat[
]. Used as a food, when refined it can be used as a substitute for cacao butter (Theobroma cacao)[
The seeds yield a limpid, odorous oil which is employed in food[
The seeds yield a limpid, odorous oil which is employed as an illuminant[
We do not have any more specific information on the wood of this species, but it belongs to a group of timbers collectively called 'Nyatoh'. The general description of nyatoh wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is a dark pink to a red-brown; it is clearly demarcated from the 4 - 9cm wide band of lighter-coloured sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or interlocked, sometimes wavy. The wood is light in weight, soft to moderately hard; strong, somewhat durable, being resistant to dry wood borers, moderately resistant to fungi but susceptible to termites. It seasons somewhat slowly, with a high risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is stable in service. There is a very variable content of silica according to the species, but in general the wood has a high blunting effect so stellite-tipped and tungsten-carbide tools are recommended; nailing and screwing are good, but require pre-boring; gluing is correct. The wood has a range of applications, including for high class furniture and cabinet making, solid doors, panelling, joinery, parquet flooring, boat decking, light carpentry, turnery, moulding and veneer[
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