Common Name: Nato
Palaquium mindanaense is an evergreen tree. The bole is straight and cylindrical.
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood, which is used locally and also traded[
]. It was at one time harvested commercially as an important source of the latex 'gutta percha'[
Palaquium mindanaense has a small range and the population is considered to be severely fragmented. Information of this species is very limited and the locality information general. Research and monitoring is needed to understand its conservation needs. The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2020)[
Southeast Asia - Philippines (Mindanao).
Lowland primary rain forests[
|Conservation Status||Critically Endangered
The tree is a source of gutta percha[
Gutta-percha is a natural latex obtained from the sap of the tree. Allowing this fluid to evaporate and coagulate in the sun produces a hard, durable, non-brittle but non-elastic latex which can be made flexible again when heated to temperatures over 50°c, and then retains any form given while cooling. Prior to the advent of synthetic materials, gutta-percha had a wide range of uses - most particularly as an insulating material for electricity wiring and for underwater telegraph wires, a purpose for which it is very well suited since it is bio-inert and so is not attacked by marine plants or animals. Gutta-percha can be moulded into any shape and has been used to make items such as ornate furniture, pistol grips, acid-resistant receptacles and ‘mourning’ jewellery, where its dark colour was an advantage. It has been widely used as the core of golf balls and is still used in modern dentistry where its bio-inertness makes it ideal as a temporary filling for teeth and as a filling material inside tooth fillings[
]. It is used locally for fixing tools into their handles[
The timber is used commercially[
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