If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Oncosperma horridum

(Griff.) Scheff.

Arecaceae

+ Synonyms

Areca horrida Griff.

Common Name:

Oncosperma horridum
Plant growing in native habitat
Photograph by: Ahmad Fuad Morad
Creative Commons License
Oncosperma horridum Oncosperma horridum Oncosperma horridum Oncosperma horridum

General Information

Oncosperma horridum is a slender, tall, usually clump-forming, evergreen palm with ferociously spiny, unbranched stems up to 25 metres tall and 25cm in diameter; each stem is topped by a crown of leaves that can each be up to 4 metres long. The plant usually has around 6 - 12 mature stems in the clump[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
,
987
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore Vol. 47 Part 2
Publication
 
Author
Turner I.M.
Publisher
Singapore Botanic Gardens; Singapore
Year
1995
ISBN
0374-7859
Description
A botanical journal, this edition contains a catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya.
,
1968
Title
Palms of Southern Asia
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.
Publisher
Princeton University Press, New York
Year
2009
ISBN
978-0-691-13449-9
Description
An excellent concise guide
].
The plant is particularly valued in its native range for its edible, apical bud which is gathered from the wild. The tree also provides a useful timber.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1968
Title
Palms of Southern Asia
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.
Publisher
Princeton University Press, New York
Year
2009
ISBN
978-0-691-13449-9
Description
An excellent concise guide

Range

Southeastern Asia - Malaysia to Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines.

Habitat

Valleys or hill slopes in rainforests at elevations up to 1,500 metres with their crowns sometimes reaching up to the canopy of the rainforest[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Plants succeed in moist tropical climates where temperatures never fall below 10°c, the average annual rainfall is 1,500mm or more and the driest month has 25mm or more rain[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
].
Plants grow well in full sun, even when small[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
].

Edible Uses

The apical bud is cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
,
347
Title
Tropical Palms
Publication
Non-Wood Forest Products No. 10
Author
Johnson D.V.
Website
http://www.fao.org/docrep/
Publisher
FAO, Rome
Year
2011
ISBN
978-92-5-106742-0
Description
A terse guide to some of the uses of palms. Also available for download from the web. (Search for "FAO Tropical Palms")
]. One of the most prized amongst palms in the region[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
]. Removing the bud effectively kills the trunk since it is unable to produce side branches. However, since this is a clump-forming species, it is possible to eat some buds from a clump without killing the clump.

Fruit - occasionally eaten[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
].
The seeds are sometimes used as a betel (Areca catechu) substitute[
347
Title
Tropical Palms
Publication
Non-Wood Forest Products No. 10
Author
Johnson D.V.
Website
http://www.fao.org/docrep/
Publisher
FAO, Rome
Year
2011
ISBN
978-92-5-106742-0
Description
A terse guide to some of the uses of palms. Also available for download from the web. (Search for "FAO Tropical Palms")
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The leaves are used to weave baskets[
347
Title
Tropical Palms
Publication
Non-Wood Forest Products No. 10
Author
Johnson D.V.
Website
http://www.fao.org/docrep/
Publisher
FAO, Rome
Year
2011
ISBN
978-92-5-106742-0
Description
A terse guide to some of the uses of palms. Also available for download from the web. (Search for "FAO Tropical Palms")
].

Wood - the outer section of the stem is used. Stronger and more durable than most other palms[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
]. The stem is especially durable in both salt and fresh water[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
347
Title
Tropical Palms
Publication
Non-Wood Forest Products No. 10
Author
Johnson D.V.
Website
http://www.fao.org/docrep/
Publisher
FAO, Rome
Year
2011
ISBN
978-92-5-106742-0
Description
A terse guide to some of the uses of palms. Also available for download from the web. (Search for "FAO Tropical Palms")
,
1968
Title
Palms of Southern Asia
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.
Publisher
Princeton University Press, New York
Year
2009
ISBN
978-0-691-13449-9
Description
An excellent concise guide
]. It is used for house construction, especially for the foundation piles of elevated houses, and is also split into planks for flooring, walls, boat building etc[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
,
347
Title
Tropical Palms
Publication
Non-Wood Forest Products No. 10
Author
Johnson D.V.
Website
http://www.fao.org/docrep/
Publisher
FAO, Rome
Year
2011
ISBN
978-92-5-106742-0
Description
A terse guide to some of the uses of palms. Also available for download from the web. (Search for "FAO Tropical Palms")
].

Propagation

Seed - pre-soak for 24 hours in warm water and sow in containers. Fresh seed can germinate in under 2 months[
297
Title
Palms of the World
Publication
 
Author
Blombery. A. & Rodd. T.
Publisher
Angus and Robertson
Year
1992
ISBN
0-207-14848-1
Description
An excellent guide, well illustrated, with information on cultivation, uses, habitat etc of almost 200 species of Palms.
].
Division of suckers[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Oncosperma+horridum>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.