Noronhia binia Roem. & Schult.
Noronhia chartacea Stadmann ex Hook.
Olea emarginata Lam.
Common Name: Madagascar Olive
Cultivated plant at San Diego Botanic Garden, Encinitas, California, USA
Photograph by: Tortie tude
Creative Commons Zero, Public Domain Dedication
Madagascar Olive is an attractive, upright oval, evergreen with six-inch-long, leathery, olive green leaves[
]. The crown appears to stay well-formed even right up on the coast where it is exposed to salt spray[
]. A slow-growing plant, it can reach a height of 6 metres[
The plant is widely but sporadically cultivated in tropical regions, mainly as an ornamental but it is sometimes grown in gardens for its purple edible drupes[
Africa - Madagascar.
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
A plant of lowland tropical climates[
Adaptable to a wide range of soils, it is tolerant of poor soils and saline conditions[
]. Resistant to maritime winds[
]. The tree has been successfully grown in urban areas where air pollution, poor drainage, compacted soil, and/or drought are common[
]. Succeeds in full sun or partial shade[
]. A sweet flavour[
]. The flavour is said to be somewhat akin to a fresh lychee (Litchi chinensis)[
]. The bright yellow fruits turn dark purple when ripe and have a sweet, edible, cream-colored flesh[
]. The ellipsoid fruit is 2 - 3cm long[
It has been recommended as sheltering hedge in coastal areas where it is claimed to be resistant to damage by salt spray[
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