Neolitsea umbrosa is not a universally accepted species. It is treated by Hiroshi Hara (in New or noteworthy flowering plants from Eastern Himalaya (11); J. Jap. Bot. 47: 269-270 (1972)) as a variety of Neolitsea pallens (as Neolitsea pallens var umbrosa (Nees) Momiy. & H.Hara.
The Flora of Pakistan (see Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 10 Apr 2020 ) reduces it to a synonym of Neolitsea pallens.
We are following the treatment in Plants of the World Online (see http://plantsoftheworldonline.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:467034-1 accessed 10/04/2020) which maintains it as a distinct species native to northeast India and Myanmar, whilst Neolitsea pallens is found in the western Himalayas and southern China.
Laurus canella Mill.
Laurus recurvata Roxb. ex Wall.
Litsea furfuracea (Nees) Nees
Litsea litoralis Fern.-Vill.
Litsea umbrosa (Nees) Nees
Neolitsea pallens umbrosa (Nees) Momiy. & H.Hara
Tetradenia furfuracea Nees
Tetradenia umbrosa Nees
Tetranthera pentandra Roxb.
General InformationNeolitsea umbrosa is a moderate-sized evergreen tree.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
Known HazardsNone known
RangeE. Asia - northeast India, Myanmar
HabitatIn ravines, along streams; at elevations up to 2,700 metres.
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.
Edible UsesNone known
MedicinalThe fruit is used medicinally.
The oil from the fruit has been used externally to treat itchiness and other skin complaints[, ].
Other UsesAn oil obtained from the fruit is used for burning[, ].
Wood - moderately hard. Used for construction.
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