The application of this name is problematic, and it seems to have been used in the literature and the herbarium for different species in different regions. The confusion probably started with Hooker’s circumscription of this species (Fl. Brit. India 3: 63. 1880), which included three other names in synonymy to circumscribe morphologically highly varied group of plants from India through Java and Japan. Here Neanotis hirsuta is circumscribed more narrowly. The varieties of Neanotis hirsuta recognized by W. C. Ko (in FRPS 71(1): 84–85. 1999) are not completely distinct morphologically and fall within Neanotis kwangtungensis[
Anotis capitata Korth.
Anotis hirsuta (L.f.) Miq. ex Backer & Slooten
Anotis papuana Lauterb.
Hedyotis hirsuta (L.f.) Sm.
Hedyotis japonica (Miq.) Masam.
Hedyotis lindleyana Hook. ex Wight & Arn.
Hedyotis stipulata R.Br. ex Hook.f.
Hedyotis yakusimensis (Masam.) Masam.
Oldenlandia hirsuta L.f.
Oldenlandia japonica Miq.
Oldenlandia stipulata (R.Br. ex Hook.f.) Pit.
Oldenlandia yakusimensis Masam.
Neanotis hirsuta is an erect or decumbent, herbaceous perennial plant growing 15 - 75cm tall. The plant forms new roots at the nodes of the lower stems[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia to New Guinea
Sunny or somewhat shady, humid places, often as a weed in tea or coffee plantations; at elevations from 800 - 2,100 metres[
]. Wet sites at streamsides or in forests; at elevations from 500 - 1,000 metres in southern China[
Neanotis hirsuta is a plant of tropical and subtropical regions of Asia to New Guinea, where it can be found at elevations from 800 - 2,100 metres.
The plant is often found as a weed within its native range, growing in tea and coffee plantations[
Young plant - raw or cooked. Although foetid when bruised, the plants are eaten as vegetable, both raw or steamed[
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