Calycorectes cubensis Griseb.
Calyptranthes floribunda (H.West ex Willd.) Blume
Caryophyllus floribundus (H.West ex Willd.) Blume
Eugenia asa-grayi Krug & Urb.
Eugenia ciliolata Cambess.
Eugenia floribunda H.West ex Willd.
Eugenia leucophloea (O.Berg) Kiaersk.
Eugenia maranhensis (O.Berg) Kiaersk.
Eugenia maximiliana DC.
Eugenia oneillii Lundell
Eugenia polyneura Urb.
Eugenia protracta Steud.
Eugenia pycnoneura Urb.
Eugenia salzmannii Benth.
Marlierea brachymischa Kiaersk.
Marlierea cubensis (Griseb.) Krug & Urb.
Myrcia cubensis (Griseb.) Krug & Urb.
Myrciaria amazonica O.Berg
Myrciaria arborea D.Legrand
Myrciaria axillaris O.Berg
Myrciaria ciliolata (Cambess.) O.Berg
Myrciaria ferruginea O.Berg
Myrciaria leucadendron O.Berg
Myrciaria leucophloea O.Berg
Myrciaria longicaudata Lundell
Myrciaria longipes O.Berg
Myrciaria maragnanensis O.Berg
Myrciaria maranhensis O.Berg
Myrciaria maximiliana (DC.) O.Berg
Myrciaria mexicana Lundell
Myrciaria oneillii (Lundell) I.M.Johnst.
Myrciaria prasina O.Berg
Myrciaria protracta (Steud.) O.Berg
Myrciaria salzmannii (Benth.) O.Berg
Myrciaria schuechiana O.Berg
Myrciaria sellowiana O.Berg
Myrciaria splendens O.Berg
Myrciaria tenuiramis O.Berg
Myrciaria tolypantha O.Berg
Myrciaria uliginosa O.Berg
Myrciaria verticillata O.Berg
Myrtus floribunda (H.West ex Willd.) Spreng.
Myrtus micrantha Nees & Mart.
Myrtus verticillata Salzm. ex O.Berg
Paramyrciaria ciliolata (Cambess.) Rotman
Plinia acutissima Urb.
Plinia asa-grayi (Krug & Urb.) Urb.
Plinia formosa Urb.
Siphoneugena cantareirae Mattos
Siphoneugena micrantha Kausel
Common Name: Guavaberry
Myrciaria floribunda is an especially attractive, very slow-growing, small evergreen tree with an elongated crown, that can grow 12 - 20 metres tall[
]. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild, mainly for local use of its fruit, but also for medicines and wood. A very attractive plant, it is often it also cultivated in gardens, both for its fruit and as an ornamental. It is a natural pioneer species, establishing in open places and providing a suitable habitat for rainforest trees to become established.
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to southern Mexico; Caribbean.
Dry or moist coastal woodlands to elevations of 300 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
A plant of warm, tropical lowlands in relatively dry to moist regions[
Prefers a fertile, deep, humus-rich soil in a sunny position[
]. Plants can succeed in a variety of soils, though growth is poor if the pH is high[
]. They have a high requirement for iron[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
Newly planted young trees grow away quite slowly[
Plants take 6 - 8 years from seed until they produce their first crop of fruit[
The plant responds well to coppicing and can survive forest fires by resprouting from the roots[
The fruit is edible[
]. A succulent, sweet pulp[
]. The sweet, orange flesh is strongly, aromatically, fragrant and makes a delicious, pungently-flavoured jam or juice[
]. The dark red to black globose fruit is about 13mm in diameter[
The inner bark is boiled, and the water used for treating dermatoses[
]. Juice from macerated inner bark is used as an anti-fungal or for treating sores[
The inner bark and leaves are boiled, and the water used as an antiseptic[
Myrciaria floribunda is a natural pioneer species. It is a common shrub that invades open ground throughout Amazonia, often being found in abandoned pasture where it grows quickly and provides suitable conditions for the establishment of other rainforest trees and shrubs[
The wood is straight-grained, average texture, moderately heavy, hard, with a low susceptibility to wood eating organisms[
]. It is used for general lumber[
The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[
Seed - it has a short viability and so is best sown as soon as it is ripe. Sow in a semi-shaded position in a nursery seedbed. Germination rates are quite low, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 50 days[
]. The seedlings grow away quite slowly[
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