The treatment 'The Myricaceae of the United States and Canada: genera, subgenera, and series.' by Wilbur R.L., published in Sida 16:, , proposed dividing the genus Myrica into three genera. This seems to be gaining acceptance and so this species has now been moved from Myrica to the genus Morella[
Myrica esculenta Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
Myrica farquhariana Wall.
Myrica integrifolia Roxb.
Myrica nagi Thunb.
Myrica sapida Wall.
Common Name: Bayberry
Bayberry is an evergreen tree growing from 2 - 10 metres tall. The bole can be up to 40cm in diameter[
The edible fruits are highly esteemed and are often gathered from the wild for local use, they are sometimes also sold in local markets[
]. The bark is a major source of tannins in China[
E. Asia - China, India, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Open, mixed forests on mountain slopes at elevations of 300 - 2,500 metres in southern China[
]. Occurs in light forests, where it is locally numerous[
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Succeeds in tropical and subtropical climates, being found at elevations from the lowland up to 2,100 metres[
Prefers a dry, well-drained soil, and can be found on sandy dunes and stony laterites[
Trees can yield 15 - 25 kg of fruits per year[
]. They have a long season of fruiting, which is ideal for home use but difficult if the fruit is to be grown commercially.
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
Fruit - raw, cooked or used to make a refreshing drink[
]. A sourish-sweet flavour, they used in desserts[
]. In the sub-Himalayan region of India they are reported to be one of the tastiest wild fruits and are eagerly collected[
]. The red, ellipsoid fruit is carried in large racemes[
The kernels of the fruit are much esteemed in parts of China[
The bark is antirheumatic, astringent, carminative and stimulant[
]. The juice of the bark is used internally to treat catarrh and headaches[
]. It is also used to treat rheumatism[
]. A decoction of the bark forms a gelatinous mass which is used internally to treat fevers, asthma and diarrhoea, whilst it is also applied externally to sprains[
The juice of the bark is applied to cuts, wounds and body aches[
The bark of the stem or root is kept pressed between the teeth to treat dental caries[
The juice of the unripe fruit is used as an anthelmintic[
A yellow dye is obtained from the bark[
]. It can be used to dye mordanted cotton yellowish to brownish shades[
The bark contains 19 - 34% tannins on a dry weight basis[
The wax-like substance which covers the fruits is sometimes extracted by boiling the fruit in water[
]. The wax is used for making candles and soap[
The timber is rather closely grained and reddish-brown in colour[
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